Saturday, November 21, 2015

Star Lily / Fremont's Death Camas (Toxicoscordion fremontii)

4/3/05 Grotto Trail, Circle X Ranch, Santa Monica Mountains, Ventura County, CA 

4/3/05 Grotto Trail, Santa Monica Mtns.


COMMON NAME: Star Lily, Fremont's Death Camas

SPECIES: Toxicoscordion fremontii

FAMILY: Melanthiaceae (False Hellebore Family)


LOCATION: Grotto Trail, Circle X Ranch, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, Ventura County, CA


Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Bulb 20–35 mm diam, ± spheric; outer coats black

Stem 40–90 cm, glabrous

Leaf 20–50 cm, 8–30 mm wide, curved, scabrous-ciliate

Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, 5–40 cm, open; flowers bisexual; pedicels spreading to ascending, 10–45 mm

Flower 8–15 mm; perianth parts widely ovate, obtuse, outer very short-clawed, inner with wide, 2–3 mm claw, glands greenish yellow with thick teeth along veins; stamens ± 1/2 perianth; styles erect to ± spreading

Fruit 15–35 mm, cylindric

Ecology: Grassy or wooded slopes, outcrops

Elevation: < 1000 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Sacramento Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California 

Distribution outside California: Oregon, n Baja California

Synonyms: vars. inezianus Jeps., minor (Hook.& Arn.) Jeps., and salsus Jeps

Recent taxonomic note: Toxicoscordion fremontii (Torr.) Ryd.

Horticultural information: DRN, SUN, mid summerDRY: 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

No comments:

Post a Comment