Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Tropidocarpum gracile (Dobie Pod, Slender Tropidocarpum)


3/1/19 Walker Canyon Trail, Temescal Mountains, 
Lake Elsinore, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Dobie Pod, Slender Tropidocarpum

SPECIES: Tropidocarpum gracile

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/17

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE 

Stem: (0.4)1--4.5(6) dm.

Leaf: blade (1.5)2.5--10(15) cm; lateral lobes entire to dentate or pinnately lobed, pairs 3--8(12). 

Flower: sepals 2.5--4 mm; petals 3--6 mm, 1.5--4 mm wide, yellow, occasionally tinged purple. 

Fruit: silique, linear, (2.5)3--6(7) cm, 1.5--2(3) mm wide, length 13--46 × > width; valves 2; style (0.3)0.5--2.5(4) mm; pedicels erect to ascending, (4)6--17(35) mm. 

Seed: 30--70, 1.2--1.6 mm, oblong. 

Ecology: Common. Grassy banks, open fields, roadsides, pastures; 

Elevation: < 1450 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SW, w DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California:Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Jepson eFlora Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Lupinus albifrons (Silver Bush Lupine)


3/1/19 Walker Canyon Trail, Temescal Mountains, Lake Elsinore,
Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Silver Bush Lupine

SPECIES: Lupinus albifrons

FAMILY: Fabaceae (Pea Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/1/19

LOCATION: Walker Canyon Trail, Temescal Mountains, Lake Elsinore, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE 

Habit: Subshrub, shrub, < 50 dm, hairy, generally silver (+- green). 

Stem: decumbent to erect. 

Leaf:, clustered near base or not, hairy; stipules 6--20 mm; petiole 1--8 cm; leaflets 6--10, 10--45 mm. 

Inflorescence: 4--30 cm, flowers generally not to loosely whorled; peduncle 5--13 cm; pedicels 3--10 mm; bract 4--15 mm. 

Flower: 9--16 mm; calyx upper lip 6--8 mm, deeply divided, lower 6--10 mm, entire to 3-toothed; petals violet to lavender, banner back generally hairy, spot generally yellow (to white) turning purple, keel generally unlobed near base, upper margins generally ciliate middle to tip, lower glabrous. 

Fruit:3--5 cm, hairy. 

Note: Variable, +- indistinct from Lupinus excubitus

Ecology: Common. Chaparral, foothill woodland; 

Elevation: < 1500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW, SN, CW, SCo, ChI, WTR, SnGb, PR; 

Distribution Outside California: southern Oregon. 

Flowering Time: Mar--Jun 

Jepson eFlora Author: Teresa Sholars & Rhonda Riggins

Monday, March 11, 2019

Lasthenia coronaria (Royal Goldfields)

3/24/17 Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Royal Goldfields

SPECIES: Lasthenia coronaria

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual < 40 cm; herbage sweet-scented. 

Stem: simple or much-branched; hairs short, glandular, or long, nonglandular, or mixed. 

Leaf: 1.5--6 cm, linear, entire or 1--2-pinnately lobed, generally glandular-hairy. 

Inflorescence: involucre 4--7 mm, hemispheric to obconic; phyllaries 6--14, free, generally glandular-hairy, falling with fruits; receptacle conic, hairy. 

Ray Flower: 6--15; corolla yellow in alkali solution; ray 3--10 mm. 

Disk Flower: many; anther tip elliptic; style tips triangular or dome-shaped. 

Fruit: < 2.5 mm, linear to narrowly club-shaped, hairy, black; pappus generally of 5--6+ lanceolate to ovate scales or 4--5 oblong, truncate scales or 0, generally different in ray and disk fruits. Chromosomes: 2n=8,10.

Ecology: Sunny, open grassy places, uncommon; 

Elevation: < 700 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SCo, TR, PR, w D; 

Distribution Outside California: northwestern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Note:Only Lasthenia sp. with glands that produce a characteristic scent. 

Jepson eFlora Author: Raymund Chan & Robert Ornduff

Pellaea mucronata var. mucronata (Bird's Foot Fern)

3/25/17 Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia, Cleveland National Forest,
Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Bird's Foot Fern 

SPECIES: Pellaea mucronata var. mucronata

FAMILY: Pteridaceae (Brake Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/25/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Leaf: 20--40(60) cm, 5--15 cm wide; blade 2--3(4)-pinnate; pinnae not overlapped, generally +- spreading to widely ascending; fertile segments not appearing folded in half, recurved margins not meeting abaxially. 

Ecology: Rocky or dry areas; 

Elevation: 20--2400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, GV (Sutter Buttes), CW, SW, SNE, DMoj (desert mtns and lower montane slopes, canyons); 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. 

Jepson eFlora Author: Ruth E.B. Kirkpatrick, Alan R. Smith, Thomas Lemieux & Edward Alverson

Pentagramma triangularis (Goldback Fern)

3/25/17 Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia, 
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: 
Goldback Fern

SPECIES: Pentagramma triangularis

FAMILY: Pteridaceae (Brake Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/25/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Rhizome tip, scales without exudate. 

Leaf: blade adaxially glabrous, not sticky, margins not recurved; abaxially with generally yellow to cream (white) exudate; proximal pinnae 2--6(11) cm; distal pinnae, pinnules on basal side of proximal-most pinnae pinnately lobed. 
.
Ecology: Common. Generally shaded, sometimes rocky or wooded areas; 

Elevation: < 2300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP (caves in Lava Beds National Monument), SNE, DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Baja California. 

Jepson eFlora Author: Carl J. Rothfels, Ruth E.B. Kirkpatrick, Alan R. Smith, Thomas Lemieux & Edward Alverson

Jepsonia parryi (Parry's Jepsonia / Coast Jepsonia)

3/25/17 Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia, Cleveland National Forest, 
Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Parry's/Coast Jepsonia

SPECIES: Jepsonia parryi

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/25/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Caudex generally ovoid (rarely spheric), unbranched. 

Leaf: generally 1.

Inflorescence: flowers generally < 4; peduncle 3--28 cm, brown. 

Flower: hypanthium 2.5--4 mm, >> calyx lobes, generally truncate at base; calyx lobes 0.8--2 mm, +- green; petals generally 3.5--6 mm, veins tan or +- purple. 

Fruit: green or tan, brown-striped. 

Seed: dark brown. 

Ecology: Shrubby, rocky to clay slopes; 

Elevation: < 1200 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s SCo (Orange, Riverside, San Diego cos.), PR; 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Oct--Feb 

Jepson eFlora Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander

Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta (Purple Owl's Clover)

3/25/17 Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Purple Owl's Clover

SPECIES: Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta

FAMILY: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/25/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Inflorescence: distal bracts generally < 5 mm wide, lobes > 2 mm, tipped white, pale yellow, or rose to +- purple. 

Flower: corolla colored like bracts. 

Ecology: Open fields, grassland; 

Elevation: < 1600 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW, SNF, GV, CW, SW, w DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California: Arizona. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Synonyms: Orthocarpus purpurascens Benth.; Orthocarpus purpurascens var. pallidus D.D. Keck

Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard

Galium aparine (Common Bedstraw)

3/24/17 Dripping Springs trailhead, Agua Tibia, 
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Bedstraw

SPECIES: Galium aparine

FAMILY: Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trailhead, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, climbing or prostrate, occasionally short, erect; clings by small, hooked prickles. 

Stem: 3--9 dm, weak, brittle. 

Leaf: in whorls of 6--8, 13--31 mm, proximal-most petioled, +- round, distal sessile, +- narrowly oblanceolate. 

Inflorescence: flowers few on branchlets in most axils. 

Flower: bisexual; corolla rotate, +- white. 

Fruit: nutlets; hairs many, short, hooked.

Ecology: Grassy, +- shady places; 

Elevation: 30--1500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA (exc DSon); 

Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern North America; Europe. 

Flowering Time: Mar--Jul 
 
Jepson eFlora Author: Valerie Soza

Lupinus hirsutissimus (Stinging Lupine)

3/24/17 Dripping Springs Trail near Arroyo Seco Creek, Agua Tibia Wilderness,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Stinging Lupine

SPECIES: Lupinus hirsutissimus

FAMILY: Fabaceae (Pea Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Trail near Arroyo Seco Creek, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
Native

Habit: Annual 2--10 dm (often > 10 dm after fire), short-appressed- and stiff-spreading-blister-based-stinging-hairy. 

Leaf: petiole 4--9 cm; leaflets 5--8, 20--50 mm, 10--20 mm wide. 

Inflorescence: 10--30 cm, flowers spiralled; peduncle 5--8 cm; pedicels 2--5 mm; bracts 4--5 mm, generally persistent. 

Flower:12--18 mm; calyx 6--10 mm, lips +- equal, upper deeply lobed; petals dark pink to magenta, drying +- purple, banner spot +- yellow, in age magenta, keel upper margins glabrous, lower densely ciliate middle to near claw. 

Fruit: 2--4 cm, +- 8 mm wide, coarsely hairy. 

Seed: 3--6. 

Ecology: Locally common. Dry, rocky areas, burns; 

Elevation: < 1400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: c&s CW (SnFrB, SCoRO, possibly others), SW; 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Jepson eFlora Author: Teresa Sholars & Rhonda Riggins

Baccharis salicifolia (Mule Fat)

3/24/17 Arroyo Seco Creek, Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mule Fat

SPECIES: Baccharis salicifolia

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Arroyo Seco Creek, Dripping Springs Trail, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
Native

Habit: Shrub < 4 m, glabrous to minutely hairy, often sticky. 

Stem: 1--few, often clustered; branches few, spreading or ascending.

 Leaf: sessile or weakly petioled; blade < 150 mm, 3--20 mm wide, lance-elliptic, entire or serrate from base to tip, resin gland-dotted, sticky; main veins 1--3. 

Inflorescence: heads in terminal flat-topped or pyramidal panicle-like cluster in summer--fall-flowering pls, in smaller lateral clusters in spring-flowering plants; involucre hemispheric; phyllaries 2--4 mm, awl-shaped to lanceolate, irregularly toothed, green or +- red-tinged, tips obtuse to long-tapered. 

Staminate Flower: (10)17--48; corolla 4--6 mm, pappus 3--4 mm. 

Pistillate Flower: 50--150; corolla 2--3.5 mm. 

Fruit: 0.8--1.3 mm, glabrous; ribs 5; pappus 3--6 mm. 

Ecology: Riparian woodland, canyon bottoms, disturbed sites, often forming thickets; 

Elevation: -30--2400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRF, SNF, s SNH, Teh, GV, CW, SW, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to Colorado, Texas, Mexico, South America. 

Flowering Time: All year 

Note: Summer--fall-flowering forms (inflorescence terminal, leaves mostly toothed) formerly separated from winter--spring-flowering forms (inflorescence lateral, leaves +- entire). 

Synonyms: Baccharis glutinosa Pers., misappl.

Jepson eFlora Author: David Bogler

Sunday, March 10, 2019

Cryptantha microstachys (Tejon Cryptantha)

3/24/17 Dripping Springs Campground, Agua Tibia,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Tejon Cryptantha

SPECIES: Cryptantha microstachys

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Dripping Springs Campground, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
Native

Habit: Annual 10--50 cm. 

Stem: +- red-brown, branches 0--many, above middle; strigose and spreading- to ascending-rough-hairy to bristly. 

Leaf: basal rosette generally well developed; 0.5--5(6) cm, linear to oblong, generally spreading-hairy (strigose), lower midvein, margin +- sparse-spreading-bristly. 

Inflorescence: in 1s to 3s; bracts 0; pedicel 0. 

Flower: calyx < 1 mm, (1)1.5--2 mm in fruit, constricted above, late-deciduous, lobes +- linear, tips erect to +- spreading, rough-hairy, hairs spreading to ascending, midvein +- thickened, with coarse spreading bristles; corolla late-deciduous, limb 0.5--1.5(2.5) mm diam, appendages minute, +- white. Fruit: nutlets 1(2), 1.3--1.6 mm, lanceolate, smooth, shiny, margin rounded, +- plump, base +- rounded, tip beaked; abaxially rounded, ridge 0; adaxially low-rounded, attachment scar edges abutted entire length or short-forked-gapped at base; axis not to nutlet tips. 

Ecology: Open sites, chaparral, woodland, burns; 

Elevation: 50--1950 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, s SN, Teh, SnFrB, SCoR, SW (exc ChI); 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jun 

Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Michael G. Simpson & Kristen E. Hasenstab-Lehman

Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettle)

3/24/17 Above Site #22, Dripping Springs Campground, Agua Tibia,
Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Stinging Nettle

SPECIES: Urtica dioica 

FAMILY: Urticacaea (Nettle Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/24/17

LOCATION: Above Site #22, Dripping Springs Campground, Agua Tibia Wilderness, Cleveland National Forest, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
Native

Habit: Perennial herb 5--30 dm, from rhizome, +- erect, stinging hairs few to many, non-stinging 0 to dense, generally shorter.

 Leaf: blade 6--20 cm, narrow-lanceolate to wide-ovate, base tapered to cordate. 

Inflorescence: spike-, raceme-, or panicle-like, 1--7 cm, generally > petiole, of staminate or pistillate flowers. 

Fruit: ovate. 

Note: Urtica dioica subsp. dioica dioecious, native to Eurasia; naturalized in North America; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection. 

Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland