Sunday, July 16, 2017

Boechera inyoensis (Inyo Rock Cress)

8/18/11 Whitney Portal National Recreation Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
E. Sierra, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Inyo Rock Cress

SPECIES: Boechera (formerly Arabis) inyoensis

FAMILY: Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

LIFE LIST DATE8/18/2011

LOCATION: Creekside, bridge at Whitney Portal National Recreation trailhead. Lone Pine region, Eastern Sierras, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

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Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Short-lived perennial herb; caudex not woody. 

Stem: generally 1 per caudex branch, from center of basal rosette at +- ground surface; generally 2.5--6.5 dm, proximally with short-stalked, 7--12-rayed hairs 0.1--0.2 mm. 

Leaf: basal 1--4(8) mm wide, entire; hairs short-stalked, 3--10-rayed, 0.2--0.7 mm; cauline (7)12--35, distal hairy, basal lobes 0.5--2 mm. 

Inflorescence: 10--65-flowered, not 1-sided in fruit; fruit pedicel spreading-ascending to horizontal, +- straight, 5--15 mm, hairs few, appressed, branched. 

Flower: sepals hairy; petals 5--8 mm, 1.2--2 mm wide, lavender to +- purple; pollen spheric. 

Fruit: spreading-ascending to widely pendent, not appressed, 3.7--6.5 cm, 1.5--2.2 mm wide, glabrous; style < 0.2 mm; ovules 74--134. 

Seed: in 2(1) rows, 1.7--2 mm; wing 0.1--0.2 mm wide. 

Ecology: Limestone, volcanic outcrops, clay soils, in desert scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland; 

Elevation: 1200--3500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: e SNH, SNE, DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: to Utah. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jun 

Synonyms: Arabis inyoensis Rollins; Boechera selbyi (Rydb.) W.A. Weber var. inyoensis (Rollins) N.H. Holmgren

eFlora Treatment Author: Michael D. Windham & Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Betula occidentalis (Water Birch)

8/18/11 Creekside, under bridge at Whitney Portal National Recreation trailhead. 
Lone Pine region, Eastern Sierras, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

8/18/11

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Water Birch

SPECIESBetula occidentalis

FAMILY: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)

LIFE LIST DATE8/18/2011

LOCATION: Creekside, bridge at Whitney Portal National Recreation trailhead. Lone Pine region, Eastern Sierras, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

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Jepson eFlora:

NATIVE

Stem: trunks to 10 m; bark red-brown to black, not peeling; twigs with large resin glands, hairy. 

Leaf: petiole < 15 mm, hairy; blade 2--5 cm, wide-ovate, glands especially adaxially, base +- truncate to tapered. 

Pistillate Inflorescence: 3--5 cm; bract fringed with hairs. 

Ecology: Streamsides, springs; 

Elevation: 600--2900 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, GB, DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: scattered in western North America. 

Flowering Time: Apr--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr.

Cornus sericea (American Dogwood)

8/18/11 Creekside, bridge at Whitney Portal National Recreation trailhead. Lone Pine region, Eastern Sierras, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA




LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: American Dogwood

SPECIESCornus sericea

FAMILY: Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 8/18/2011

LOCATION: Creekside, bridge at Whitney Portal National Recreation trailhead. Lone Pine region, Eastern Sierras, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

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Jepson eFlora:

NATIVE

Habit: Shrub generally 1.5--4 m. 

Stem: branches +- red to purple, +- glabrous to minute-strigose, in age gray-green, generally glabrous. 

Leaf: blade generally 5--10 cm, lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, paler abaxially, veins 4--7 pairs. 

Inflorescence: cyme, strigose; bracts 0. 

Flower: petals 2--4.5 mm; style 1--3 mm. 

Fruit: 7--9 mm, white to cream; stone smooth or 3-ridged on faces, furrowed on sides. 

Note: Highly variable complex with many local forms, treated broadly here. Subspecies intergrade widely. 

eFlora Treatment Author: James R. Shevock

Krascheninnikovia lanata (Winter Fat)

8/18/11 Alabama Hills, Lone Pine Region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo County, CA 

8/18/11 Alabama Hills, Lone Pine Region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Winter Fat

SPECIES:Krascheninnikovia lanata 

FAMILY: Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family)

LIFE LIST DATE8/28/2011

LOCATION: Alabama Hills, Lone Pine Region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo County, CA 

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Jepson eFlora:

NATIVE

Habit:
 Generally 5--10 dm; hairs white, +- rust-colored in age. 

Leaf: 1--4 cm, 1.5--5 mm wide, margins generally inrolled; petiole 1.5--3.5 mm. 

Inflorescence: 3--19 cm; staminate flowers many; pistillate flowers 1--4 in proximal axils. 

Staminate Flower: bracts 0; perianth lobes 1--2 mm, densely hairy; stamens exserted. 

Pistillate Flower: bracts 4--7.5 mm in fruit, densely hairy; stigmas exserted. Fruit: 2.5--3.5 mm, white-hairy. 

Ecology: Rocky to clay soils, flats, gentle slopes; 

Elevation: 100--2700 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: Teh, s SnJV, WTR (n slope), GB, DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California: to Washington, north-central United States, New Mexico, northern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: May--Jul 

Synonyms: Ceratoides lanata (Pursh) J.T. Howell; Eurotia lanata (Pursh) Moq.

eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Papaver rhoeas (Common Poppy) - England, UK

6/11/17 Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England 

 6/11/17 Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England 

6/11/17 Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Poppy

SPECIES: Papaver rhoeas

FAMILY: Papaveraceae (Popp7 Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/11/2017

LOCATION: Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England, UK

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From Wild Flowers by Sarah Raven: 
Common throughout England and Wales except in upland regions. In Scotland and Ireland, it is more frequent in the south and east. Disturbed soil in arable fields, field margins, waste ground and other disturbed and open habitats. It is most frequent on light and calcareous soils.

From Wikipedia:
Its origin is not known for certain. As with many such plants, the area of origin is often ascribed by Americans to Europe, and by northern Europeans to southern Europe. Its native range includes West Asia, North Africa and Europe. The leaves and latex have an acrid taste and are mildly poisonous to grazing animals. 

Due to the extent of ground disturbance in warfare during World War I, corn poppies bloomed in between the trench lines and no man's land on the Western Front. Poppies are a prominent feature of "In Flanders Fields" by Canadian Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, one of the most frequently quoted English-language poems composed during the First World War. During the 20th century, the wearing of a poppy at and before Remembrance Day each year became an established custom in English-speaking western countries. It is also used at some other dates in some countries, such as at appeals for Anzac Day  in Australia and New Zealand. This poppy appears on a number of postage stamps, coins, bank notes and national flags. 

Fumaria officinalis (Common Fumitory) - England, UK

6/11/17 Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England 


6/11/17 Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Fumitory

SPECIES: Fumaria officinalis

FAMILY: Papaveraceae (Popp7 Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/11/2017

LOCATION: Roadside, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, S. England, UK

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From Wild Flowers by Sarah Raven: 
Flowers are tubular and two-lipped and have two tiny sepals, two inner petals and two larger outer petals, pink-purple with a reddish black apex. There are up to twenty flowers on each spike. May have been introduced by Romans, but very common throughout most of Britain. Arable fields, allotments, gardens and other disturbed land: most commonly found on calcareous soils.

Monday, June 19, 2017

Persicaria bistorta (Common Bistort) - Wales, UK




6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Bistort

SPECIES: Persicaria bistorta

FAMILY: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

A conspicuous perennial with frothy, dense spikes of small pink flowers held upright above plant on slender flower stalks. The long, triangular leaves are almost hairless. 

Flowering period: June-August

Habitat: Damp places, especially low lying meadows, banks of ponds and rivers, and woodland rides. Widespread and locally common.

Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettle) - Wales, UK



6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Stinging Nettle

SPECIES: Urtica dioica

FAMILY: Urticaceae (Nettle Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From British Wildflowers-A Photographic Guide by Victoria Munson:

These common weeds are well known to all. The dark green, heart-shaped toothed leaves can give a nasty sting. Cooked nettles can be acted to soups, stews and tea.

Anthriscus sylvestris (Cow Parsley, Wild Chervil)

6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Cow Parsley

SPECIES: Anthriscus sylvestris

FAMILY: Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

A tall, slightly downy herbaceous perennial with hollow, sometimes purple stems. The large leaves are pinnately divided and fern-like. Tiny white 5-petaled flowers are arranged in umbels. Often very common along lanes and roadsides.

Flowering period: April-June

Habitat: Hedgegrows, embankments, woodland margins, and clearings.

Lonicera periclymenum (European Honeysuckle)


6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: European Honeysuckle

SPECIES: Lonicera periclymenum

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

A deciduous woody climber with numerous twisting stems that twine over trees, shrubs and each other in clockwise direction. Flowers are white or creamy yellow and very sweetly scented, especially at night. Widespread and common throughout but scarce in Scandinavia.

Flowering period: June-August

Habitat: Woodlands, scrub, hedgerows and, sometimes scrambling on rocky slopes.

Geranium robertianum (Herb Robert, Robert Geranium) - Wales, UK

6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Herb Robert, Robert Geranium

SPECIES: Geranium robertianum

FAMILY: Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

A straggling, unpleasant-smelling annual with rather brittle stems and roughly triangular leaves, these deeply divided into 3-5 lobes, each of which is further divided pinnately. The 5-petaled pink flowers have orange pollen showing at the centre. Widespread and very common.

Flowering period: April-November

Habitat: Shade tolerant and found in a wide range of habitats, including woodlands, hedgerows, shrubby gardens, waste ground, embankments, limestone pavements and coastal shingle. 

Silene dioica (Red Campion) - Wales, UK


 6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

6/6/17

6/6/17

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Red Campion

SPECIES: Silene dioica

FAMILY: Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

Upright, hairy perennial with conspicuous bright pink flowers. Petals area notched and separate male and female flowers are found on different plants, the male flowers being slightly smaller. The oval, pointed leaves clasp the stem, but the lower ones have short stalks. Widespread and common, sometimes dominating lanes and hedgerows in sheltered western areas. 

Flowering period: March-October

Rosa rubiginosa (Sweet Briar Rose) - Wales, UK


6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Sweet Briar Rose

SPECIES: Rosa rubiginosa

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

A dense hedgerow shrub bearing many strong, upright stems armed with short, curved thorns and finer bristles. Compound leaves are divided into 5-7 leaflets covered with sweet-smelling glandular hairs. Scented pink flowers grow in clusters of 3. Locally common.

Flowering period: June-July

Habitat: Hedgegrows and scrub.

Umbilicus rupestris (Navelwort) - Wales, UK

6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK


6/6/17

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Navelwort

SPECIES: Umbilicus rupestris

FAMILY: Crassulaceae (Stonecrop Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/6/2017

LOCATION: Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry (Pontfaen), Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From Wildflowers of Britain and Northern Europe by Andrew Cleave & Paul Sterry:

Distinctive hairless perennial with rounded, fleshy leaves with a 'navel' in the centre. Tall flower spikes support the tubular, drooping greenish-white flowers. Plants commonly grow on walls and rocks. Widespread and locally common in suitable habitats in western areas, but very scarce elsewhere and absent from the far north.

Flowering period: June-August

Habitat: Rocks & walls, often in the shade.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Centranthus ruber (Red Valerian, Jupiter's Beard) - Wales, UK (Naturalized)

6/5/17 St. David's Cathedral, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, W. Wales, UK

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Red Valerian, Jupiter's Beard

SPECIES: Centranthus ruber

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/5/2017

LOCATION: St. David's Cathedral, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, W. Wales, UK

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From Wikipedia:

A native of the Mediterranean region, Centranthus ruber has been introduced into many other parts of the world as a garden escape. It is naturalised in FranceAustraliaGreat BritainIreland and the United States. In the US it can be found growing wild in such western states as ArizonaUtahCaliforniaHawaii, and Oregon, usually in disturbed, rocky places at elevations below 200 m. It is often seen by roadsides or in urban wasteland. It can tolerate very alkaline soil conditions. Because it can tolerate the lime in mortar, Centranthus ruber may frequently be seen growing in old walls in Italy and Southern France and South West England.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove) - Wales, UK

6/5/17 Near the Cross at Ffald-y-Brenin, Pontfaen,
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

 6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry, Pontfaen, 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales

 6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry, Pontfaen, 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales

6/6/17 Road from Ffald-y-Brenin to Jabes Vestry, Pontfaen, 
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Foxglove

SPECIES: Digitalis purpurea

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/5/2017

LOCATION: Near the Cross at Ffald-y-Brenin, Pontfaen, Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, SW Wales, UK

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From the Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora:

A biennial or short-lived perennial, common on acidic soils in hedge banks, open woods and woodland clearings, on heath and moorland margins, river banks, montane rocky slopes, sea-cliffs, walls and waste land. It is often found in great abundance in disturbed or burnt areas, such as recently felled forestry plantations. 0-880 m (Mt Brandon, S. Kerry).

Status: Native