Sunday, December 18, 2016

Erigeron coulteri (Coulter's Daisy, Large Mountain Fleabane)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Coulter's Daisy, Large Mountain Fleabane

SPECIES: Erigeron coulteri

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial 20–70 cm, from thin rhizomes, 0–3-branched above mid-stem, glabrous below, sparsely hairy above

Leaves: basal generally 5–12 cm, ± oblanceolate, entire or with 2–6 pairs of shallow teeth; cauline oblanceolate to elliptic-ovate, ± clasping, little reduced

Inflorescence: heads 1–4, 10–16 mm diam; phyllaries ± equal, sessile-glandular, nonglandular hairs with black crosswalls and bases

Ray flowers 45–140; corollas 11–20 mm, ligules white, coiled

Fruit: pappus bristles 20–25

Ecology: Streambanks, wet meadows, coniferous forest

Elevation: ± 1900–3400 m.  

Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada, Warner Mountains 

Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Wyoming, New Mexico

Horticultural information: DRN, IRR, SHD: 1, 2, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21.

Penstemon rostriflorus (Bridge's Penstemon)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Bridge's Penstemon

SPECIES: Penstemon rostriflorus

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family), formerly in Scrophulariaceae

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial 30–100 cm, glabrous or stems finely hairy below; clumps large, woody-branched

Leaves generally cauline, 20–70 mm, linear to lanceolate, entire

Inflorescence glandular

Flower: calyx 4–8 mm, lobes lanceolate to narrowly ovate; corolla 22–33 mm, upper lip forming hood over anthers, lower lip strongly reflexed, (orange-)red sparsely glandular outside, floor glabrous; anther sacs 1.8–2.5 mm, dehiscing across common tip 1/4–1/3 their length, glabrous on sides; staminode glabrous

Ecology: Dry sagebrush or Joshua-tree scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland, montane forest

Elevation: 1600–2800 m.  

Bioregional distribution: c&s High Sierra Nevada, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains 

Distribution outside California: to Colorado, New Mexico

Flowering time: Jun–Aug

Synonyms: P. bridgesii A. Gray 

Delphinium glaucum (Sierra Larkspur, Glaucus Larkspur)


 7/8/16 Mill Creek, Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest,
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

 7/8/16 Mill Creek

7/8/16 Mill Creek

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Sierra Larkspur, Glaucus Larkspur

SPECIES: Delphinium glaucum

FAMILY: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Mill Creek, Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Root generally > 15 cm, distally branched; buds generally prominent (except on herbarium specimens)

Stem generally 2 or more per root system, 80–300 (generally > 150) cm, lower glabrous, glaucous

Leaves generally glabrous; lobes sharply cut at tips, often > 6 mm at widest

Inflorescence generally branched; flowers generally > 50; lower bracts leaf-like; pedicels 10–48 mm, 3–25 mm apart, glabrous to puberulent

Flower: sepals ± forward-pointing to spreading, purplish blue, lateral 8–14(21) mm, spur 10–19 mm

Fruit 9–20 mm

Seed bumpy

Ecology: Wet thickets, streamsides

Elevation: 1600–3200 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Sierra Nevada, San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, n East of Sierra Nevada 

Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Nevada

Flowering time: Jul–Sep

May hybridize with  D. polycladon 

Horticultural information: WET, DRN: 1, 4, 5, 6 &SHD: 2, 3.

Veronica americana (Speedwell, American Brooklime)

 7/8/16 Mill Creek, Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

 7/8/16 Mill Creek

7/8/16 Mill Creek

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Speedwell, American Brooklime

SPECIES: Veronica americana

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) - formerly in Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Off Mill Creek, Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial, rhizomed, glabrous

Stem generally decumbent, rooting at lower nodes, branched, 5–60(100) cm

Leaf 5–50 mm, lanceolate to ovate, ± serrate, acute to obtuse, petioled

Inflorescence axillary; flowers 10–25; bracts linear; pedicels 5–10(13) mm

Flower: sepals ± 3 mm, oblanceolate, acute; corolla 7–10 mm, violet-blue, dark-lined; style 1.5–3(4)mm

Fruit 3–4 mm, ± round, entire to barely notched

Seed 0.5 mm, flat

Ecology: Common. Moist to wet soil, springs, slow streams, meadows, lakeshores

Elevation: < 3300 m.  

Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains (uncommon) 

Flowering time: May–Aug

Saturday, December 17, 2016

Ceanothus velutinus (Tobacco Brush)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest,
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Tobacco Brush

SPECIES: Ceanothus velutinus

FAMILY: Rhamnaceae (Buckbrush Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Stem: twigs round, brown, ± puberulent, becoming dark brown

Leaves alternate, evergreen, aromatic, < 8 cm; stipules deciduous; petiole < 18 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 3-ribbed from base, tip obtuse, margin gland-toothed, upper surface dark green, ± shiny, glabrous, lower paler

Inflorescence panicle-like, < 12 cm

Flower white

Fruit 3–4 mm, 3-lobed

Ecology: Open, wooded slopes

Elevation: < 3000 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, n San Francisco Bay Area, Warner Mountains, East of Sierra Nevada (except White and Inyo Mountains) 

Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, South Dakota

Quercus kelloggii (California Black Oak)

 11/4/16 Idyllwild County Park, San Jacinto Mountains, 
Riverside County, CA

 11/4/16 Idyllwild County Park 

11/4/16 Idyllwild County Park

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Black Oak

SPECIES: Quercus kelloggii

FAMILY: Fagaceae (Oak Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/4/2016

LOCATION: Idyllwild County Park, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Tree < 25 m, deciduous; trunk bark becoming deeply furrowed, checkered, dark gray-brown to black

Leaf (6)9–20 cm; petiole (3)10–40 mm; blade widely elliptic, obovate, or ± round, tip generally acute, bristled, margin generally deeply 6-lobed, each lobe with 1–4 coarse, bristle-tipped teeth, upper surface glabrous, bright green, lower surface finely tomentose when young, becoming ± glabrous, pale green

Fruit maturing in 2 years; cup 16–25 mm wide, 15–25 mm deep, generally cup-shaped, scales thin, flat, glabrous to puberulent; nut 20–35 mm, oblong-ovoid, puberulent, tip generally obtuse, shell woolly inside

Ecology: Slopes, valleys, woodland, coniferous forest

Elevation: 200–2400 m.  

Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province (except Great Central Valley, South Coast, Channel Islands) 

Distribution outside California: Oregon, Baja California

Hybridizes with  Q. agrifoliaQ. wislizeni. 

Horticultural information: DRN: 1, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17 &IRR or part SHD: 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21.

Chrysolepis sempervirens (Bush Chinquapin)

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Bush Chinquapin

SPECIES: Chrysolepis sempervirens

FAMILY: Fagaceae (Oak Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Shrub < 3(10) m; top rounded

Stem: trunk bark generally thin, ± smooth, generally not furrowed

Leaf: petiole 4–15 mm; blade 2–8(12) cm, ± elliptic, base tapered to rounded, tip obtuse to rounded; upper surface dull green; lower surface golden to rusty

Fruit: bur 2–3.5 cm diam; nut 8–13 mm

Ecology: Rocky slopes, coniferous forest, chaparral

Elevation: 700–3300 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains, w Modoc Plateau 

Distribution outside California: s Oregon

Synonyms: Castanopsis s. (Kellogg) Dudley 

Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 4, 5, 6 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.

Solidago multiradiata (Northern Goldenrod)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest,
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA 


7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Northern Goldenrod

SPECIES: Solidago multiradiata

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant ± (sub)glabrous, hairier above

Stems < 5 dm, from woody caudex

Leaves: lower cauline < 12 cm, ± linear to spoon-shaped; upper reduced, ± linear to ovate, subclasping, generally long-ciliate

Inflorescence flat- to round-topped; heads few–many; involucre 4–7 mm; phyllaries ± lanceolate, acute to long-acuminate, outer generally 2/3 to = length inner

Ray flowers 12–18; ligules 2–4 mm

Disk flowers 12–35; corollas 3–5 mm

Fruit 2–3 mm, ± sparsely strigose

Ecology: Alpine slopes, meadows

Elevation: 2600–3700 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, n East of Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains 

Distribution outside California: to Alaska, arctic Canada, New Mexico

Flowering time: Jun–Sep

Horticultural information: IRR, DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21.

Trifolium repens (White Clover) - Non-Native


 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: White Clover

SPECIES: Trifolium repens

FAMILY: Fabaceae (Pea Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial, generally ± glabrous

Stem creeping, rooting

Leaves cauline from ground level, clearly alternate or clustered (from lack of stem elongation); stipules white-membranous; petioles >> blades; leaflets 0.5–2.5 cm, obovate

Inflorescence umbel-like, 1–2.5 cm wide; pedicel 1–3 mm; flowers becoming reflexed

Flower: calyx 3–6 mm, lobes tapered, all or lower > tube; corolla 7–11 mm, white

Seeds 3–4

Ecology: Agricultural, disturbed, urban areas

Elevation: especially < 1500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province, Great Basin Floristic Province, especially n 

Distribution outside California: n US; native to Eurasia

Flowering time: Apr–Dec

Important forage crop.

Castilleja miniata (Scarlet Paintbrush)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Scarlet Paintbrush

SPECIES: Castilleja miniata

FAMILY: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape Family) - formerly in Scrophulariaceae

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial 40–80 cm, few-branched, green or becoming purplish, glabrous, to long-soft-hairy above

Leaf 30–60 mm, ± lanceolate, entire; tip acute

Inflorescence 3–15 cm; bracts 15–35 mm, lobes 0–5, bright red to yellowish

Flower: calyx 10–30 mm, divided 1/2–2/3 in back, more deeply in front, ± 1/4 on sides, lobes acute; corolla 15–40 mm, beak ± = tube, yellow-green, back puberulent, margins red, lower lip 1–2 mm, dark green, slightly exserted; stigma slightly 2-lobed

Fruit 6–12 mm

Seed 1.5–2 mm; coat shallowly netted, loose-fitting, inner walls membranous, persistent

Ecology: Moist places, especially meadows, bogs

Elevation: < 3500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, c-w Central Western California, Southwestern California, Great Basin Floristic Province 

Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Rocky Mtns

Cirsium andersonii (Anderson's Thistle)

7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail
  
LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Anderson's Thistle

SPECIES: Cirsium andersonii

FAMILY: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

LIFE LIST DATE:8/16/2004

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial, often appearing biennial, (1.5)4–7(10) dm; caudices erect, taprooted, from rootstock

Stem 1–several, simple or branches ascending, ± glabrous to puberulent and or tomentose

Leaves generally green above, ± persistently gray-tomentose below; lower 8–35 cm, petiole spiny-winged, coarsely dentate or shallowly to deeply 1–2 X lobed, main spines 1–5 mm; middle ± clasping; upper generally much reduced, linear-oblong, often spinier than lower

Inflorescence: heads 1–few; peduncles < 20 cm (lateral heads sometimes ± sessile); involucre 3–5 cm, 2–4 cm diam, widely cylindric to narrowly bell-shaped, closely subtended by 1–several bracts, loosely tomentose or glabrous; phyllaries strongly graduated, ascending, ± lanceolate, long-acuminate, middle and outer entire or spiny-ciliate, tip spines 1–3 mm, inner tips entire, long, flat, purple

Flowers: corollas 30–45 mm, red to reddish purple, tube 10–20 mm, throat 10–16 mm, lobes 9–11 mm

Fruit 6–7 mm, compressed, brown; pappus 25–40 mm

Ecology: Open places, woodland, forest

Elevation: (760)1400–3150 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada 

Distribution outside California: to se Idaho?, Nevada

Lilium parvum (Alpine/Sierra Tiger Lily)

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, 
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Alpine/Sierra Tiger Lily

SPECIES: Lilium parvum

FAMILY: Liliaceae (Lily Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant < 2 m; bulb horizontal, rhizome-like, longest scales 1–3.5 cm, (0)2–3(4)-segmented

Leaves in 2–6 whorls, 4–15 cm; margin not wavy

Inflorescence: flowers 1–41, nodding to ascending

Flower sometimes slightly bilateral, ± trumpet-shaped, not fragrant; perianth segments 3–4 cm, weakly recurved (outer sometimes < inner), oblanceolate, inner surface light orange to red (purplish) on distal 25–50%, lighter near base (sometimes uniformly light orange); stamens ± > perianth, filaments ± spreading, anthers 3–8 mm, pale yellow, orangish, or magenta, pollen yellowish to red-orange; pistil 2–4 cm

Fruit 1.5–3 cm

Ecology: Wet meadows, willow thickets, streams in coniferous forest

Elevation: 1400–2900 m.  

Bioregional distribution: n&c High Sierra Nevada 

Horticultural information: SHD, IRR or WET, DRN: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum (Fireweed)

 7/8/16 Lundy Canyon Trail, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Fireweed

SPECIES: Chamerion (formerly Epilobium) angustifolium ssp. circumvagum

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 8/14/2004

LOCATION: South Fork of Bishop Creek, Bishop Creek Road en route to South Lake, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:

NATIVE

Habit: Plant < 30 dm, generally strongly colonial, +- glabrous to densely strigose distally. 

Leaf: 1.5--20 cm, lanceolate; midrib strigose abaxially. 

Inflorescence: dense, generally canescent. 

Flower: petals generally deep pink to magenta; stamens < pistil, pollen blue-gray. 

Fruit: 4--10 cm, gray-hairy; pedicel 7--20 mm. 

Seed: 1--1.3 mm. 

Ecology: Common. Open places, gravel bars, roadsides, especially after fires; 

Elevation: < 3300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, W&I, ne DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: circumboreal. 

Flowering Time: Jul--Sep 

Note: Chamerion angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (2n=36), farther northern and at higher elevations, might be expected in California.