Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Oenothera californica (California Evening Primrose)

3/14/98 Saddleback Butte Trail, Saddleback Butte State Park, 
Antelope Valley, W. Mojave, Los Angeles County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Evening Primrose

SPECIES: Oenothera californica

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/14/1998

LOCATION: Saddleback Butte Trail, Saddleback Butte State Park, Antelope Valley, W. Mojave, Los Angeles County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant +- gray-green; hairs dense, short, appressed and also longer, spreading. 

Stem: new rosettes not formed at tips. 

Leaf: cauline oblong to lanceolate, generally +- pinnately lobed. 

Fruit: 20--80 mm. 

Ecology: Sandy or gravelly areas, desert scrub to pinyon/juniper or ponderosa-pine woodland; 

Elevation: 800--2500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SNE, D; 

Distribution Outside California: +- southwestern United States. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jun 

Synonyms: Oenothera avita (W.M. Klein) W.M. Klein; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Chylismia claviformis ssp. peirsonii (Peirson's Browneyes)


2/6/05  Mecca Hills Wilderness, wash on north side of Box Canyon Rd. 
(across road from Little Box Canyon Trailhead), west of Meccacopia Trail 
& east of Sheep Hole Oasis Campground. Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA

 2/6/05  Mecca Hills Wilderness, wash on north side of Box Canyon Rd. 
(across road from Little Box Canyon Trailhead), west of Meccacopia Trail 
& east of Sheep Hole Oasis Campground. Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA

4/27/01 Sandy wash near primitive campsites, Trilobite Wilderness (BLM),
East Mojave, San Bernardino County, CA

2/19/05 Imperial Sand Dunes, Imperial County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Peirson's Browneyes

SPECIES: Chylismia claviformis ssp. peirsonii

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/27/2001

LOCATION: Sandy wash near primitive campsites, Trilobite Wilderness (BLM), East Mojave, San Bernardino County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant spreading-hairy, rarely strigose or glandular. 

Leaf: terminal leaflet < 90 mm, narrowly ovate; lateral leaflets generally large. 

Flower: hypanthium 2.5--4.5 mm; sepal tips in bud free, conspicuous; petals 4.5--7 mm, generally yellow. 

Ecology: Sandy flats, creosote-bush scrub; 

Elevation: -70--300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: PR, DSon (Imperial Co.); 

Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Feb--Apr 

Note: Intergrades with Chylismia claviformis subsp. aurantiaca

Synonyms: Camissonia claviformis (Torr. & Frém.) P.H. Raven subsp. peirsonii (Munz) P.H. Raven; Oenothera claviformis Torr. & Frém. subsp. peirsonii (Munz) P.H. Raven; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Epilobium canum (California Fuchsia)

8/17/04 Hwy. 120 (Tioga Rd.), west of Tenaya Lake,
Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, CA


 8/17/04 Hwy. 120 (Tioga Rd.), west of Tenaya Lake,
Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, CA


8/18/04 Pacific Coast Hwy (Hwy. 1) north of Big Sur, Monterey County, CA

7/24/11 Vista Grande Trail at Waterline Rd., 
Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Fuchsia

SPECIES: Epilobium canum

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE8/17/2004

LOCATION: 8/17/04 Hwy. 120 (Tioga Rd.), west of Tenaya Lake, Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb or subshrub, 2--12 dm, strigose to spreading hairy, occasionally glandular. 

Leaf: often clustered, linear to (narrowly) lanceolate, +- entire to barely toothed, generally +- gray. 

Ecology: Dry slopes, ridges; 

Elevation: < 2100 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc n SNH); 

Distribution Outside California: to northwestern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Dec 

eFlora Treatment Author: Peter C. Hoch

Monday, February 12, 2018

Gayophytum diffusum (Diffuse Gayophytum)

7/9/07 Roadside off Hwy. 88E (Carson Pass Hwy.), 6,000' elevation, 
El Dorado National Forest, Sierra Nevada, Amador County, CA 

7/9/07 Roadside off Hwy. 88E (Carson Pass Hwy.), 6,000' elevation, 
El Dorado National Forest, Sierra Nevada, Amador County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Diffuse Gayophytum

SPECIES: Gayophytum diffusum

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE7/9/2007

LOCATION: Roadside off Hwy. 88E (Carson Pass Hwy.), 6,000' elevation, El Dorado National Forest, Sierra Nevada, Amador County, CA 

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Flower: petals 1.2--3 mm; larger stamens 0.9--2 mm; stigma not exserted beyond anthers, +- spheric. 

Fruit: seeds in each chamber occasionally in 2 rows and overlapped. 

Ecology: Common. Open montane forest, sagebrush scrub; 

Elevation: 800--3700 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, TR, PR, GB. 

Flowering Time: May--Sep 

Note: Variable; most small-flowered plants assigned by Munz, others to Gayophytum nuttallii belong here; may occur with any taxon of genus. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Harlan Lewis

Saturday, February 10, 2018

Epilobium glaberrimum (Smoothstem Willowherb, Glaucous Willowherb)

7/3/05 County Road 73 to Big Sage Reservoir, Devil's Garden Natural Area,
Modoc County, CA

8/16/04 Boggy area off boardwalk, Mono Lake County Park, Eastern Sierras,
Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Smoothstem Willowherb, Glaucous Willowherb

SPECIES: Epilobium glaberrimum

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE8/16/2004

LOCATION: Boggy area off boardwalk, Mono Lake County Park, Eastern Sierras, Mono County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Stem: 2--8.5 dm, generally branched distally. 

Leaf: 20--70 mm, +- narrowly lanceolate. 

Flower: sepals 3--7.5 mm; petals 5--10(12) mm, rose-purple to pink or white. 

Fruit: 45--75 mm; pedicel 5--25 mm. 

Seed: 0.7--1 mm. 

Ecology: Well-drained, gravelly soils, streambanks, roadsides; 

Elevation: 150--3000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, TR, PR, Wrn, n W&I; 

Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Utah, northern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Sep 

eFlora Treatment Author: Peter C. Hoch

Camissoniopsis hirtella (Hairy Suncup)

5/2/05 Kyle Court, La Cresta, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Hairy Suncup

SPECIES: Camissoniopsis hirtella

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE5/2/2005

LOCATION: Kyle Court, La Cresta, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, rosetted; hairs spreading, in inflorescence generally also glandular. 

Stem: ascending, < 60 cm. 

Leaf: 10--80 mm; cauline narrowly ovate to ovate, minutely dentate, +- sessile. 

Flower: hypanthium 1--3 mm; sepals 2.5--6 mm; petals 2--9 mm, basal spots 0. Fruit: 13--20 mm, 0.7--0.9 mm wide, cylindric, generally 1--2-coiled. 

Seed: 0.7--0.8 mm. 

Ecology: Open shrubby slopes, especially in burns; 

Elevation: < 2300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW, SN, CW, SW; 

Distribution Outside California: northern and central Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Mar--Aug 

Note: Self-pollinated. Rarely hybridizes with Camissoniopsis ignota

Synonyms: Camissonia hirtella (Greene) P.H. Raven; Oenothera hirtella Greene; Oenothera micrantha Hornem. ex Spreng. var. jonesii Munz; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Camissoniopsis micrantha (Miniature Suncup)

4/2/05 Eaton Canyon Natural Area, San Gabriel Mountains, 
Los Angeles County, CA 


4/2/05 Eaton Canyon Natural Area, San Gabriel Mountains, 
Los Angeles County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Miniature Suncup

SPECIES: Camissoniopsis micrantha

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE4/2/2005

LOCATION: Eaton Canyon Natural Area, San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA 

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, rosetted; hairs dense, spreading, generally nonglandular in inflorescence. 

Stem: decumbent and branched or erect and simple, < 60 cm. 

Leaf: 10--120 mm; cauline generally narrowly lanceolate, minutely dentate, +- sessile. 

Flower: hypanthium 1.2--2 mm; sepals 1--2.5 mm; petals 1.5--4.5 mm, basal spots 1--2. 

Fruit: 13--25 mm, 1.1--1.8 mm wide, cylindric, drying +- 4-angled, straight to 1-coiled. Seed: 0.7--1.1 mm. 

Ecology: Canyons, coastal dunes, beaches, sandy fields, washes; 

Elevation: < 300(800) m. 

Bioregional Distribution: w edge GV, CW, SW. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Note: Self-pollinated. Previously more inclusively defined. 

Synonyms: Camissonia micrantha (Hornem. ex Spreng.) P.H. Raven; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Chylismia cardiophylla ssp. cardiophylla (Heart-Leaved Suncup)


4/3/11 Meccacopia Trailhead, Box Canyon Road, Mecca Hills,
Riverside County, CA 

4/3/11 Meccacopia Trailhead, Box Canyon Road, Mecca Hills,
Riverside County, CA 

4/3/11 Meccacopia Trailhead, Box Canyon Road, Mecca Hills,
Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Heart-Leaved Suncup

SPECIES: Chylismia cardiophylla ssp. cardiophylla

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE4/3/2011

LOCATION: Meccacopia Trailhead, Box Canyon Road, Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA 

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Occasionally some hairs glandular. 

Leaf: cordate. 

Flower: hypanthium 4.5--12 mm; petals 3--12 mm. 

Ecology: Sandy washes, slopes, rocky walls, creosote-bush scrub; 

Elevation: < 600 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: c&s DMoj (San Bernardino Co.), DSon; 

Distribution Outside California: southern Arizona, northwestern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Clarkia cylindrica (Speckled Clarkia, Speckled Fairyfan)


 
5/7/05 Pentachaeta Trail, Triunfo Creek Park, Westlake Village, 
Santa Monica Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA


 5/7/05 Pentachaeta Trail, Triunfo Creek Park, Westlake Village, 
Santa Monica Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA


 5/7/05 Pentachaeta Trail, Triunfo Creek Park, Westlake Village, 
Santa Monica Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA


 5/7/05 Pentachaeta Trail, Triunfo Creek Park, Westlake Village, 
Santa Monica Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA


5/29/05 Pullout off Hwy. 247, 1/4 mile north of 22 mile marker,
San Jacinto Mountains, San Bernardino National Forest, Riverside County, CA


4/30/05 Happy Canyon Road, Figueroa Mountain, 
Santa Barbara County, CA 


4/30/05 Happy Canyon Road, Figueroa Mountain, 
Santa Barbara County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Speckled Clarkia, Speckled Fairyfan

SPECIES: Clarkia cylindrica

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE4/30/2005

LOCATION: Happy Canyon Road, Figueroa Mountain, Santa Barbara County, CA 

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Flower: hypanthium length +- = ovary width; fruit cylindric. 

Ecology: Open grassland, woodland, chaparral; 

Elevation: < 1000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SCoR, WTR. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jun 

eFlora Treatment Author: Harlan Lewis

Epilobium lactiflorum (White-Flowered Willowherb, Milkflower Willowherb)

7/7/07 Soda Creek off Hwy. 108 (Sonora Pass Hwy.), 
Toiyabe National Forest, Mono County, CA

 7/7/07 Soda Creek off Hwy. 108 (Sonora Pass Hwy.), 
Toiyabe National Forest, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: White-Flowered Willowherb

SPECIES: Epilobium lactiflorum

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE7/7/2007

LOCATION: Soda Creek off Hwy. 108 (Sonora Pass Hwy.), Toiyabe National Forest, Mono County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb 1.5--5 dm, generally clumped, ascending, minutely strigose in lines (especially distally); stolons short, leafy. 

Leaf: 20--55 mm, narrowly ovate to narrowly lanceolate (distal narrower), +- ciliate, low-dentate, obtuse to acute; petiole +- winged, 3--12 mm. 

Inflorescence: nodding to erect, strigose, glandular. 

Flower: hypanthium 1--2.2 mm; sepals 3--5.5 mm; petals 4--8.8 mm, generally white; stigma club-like. 

Fruit: 50--100 mm, scattered hairy; pedicel 20--45 mm. 

Seed: 1.1--1.6 mm, netted. 

Ecology: Damp meadows, streambanks, talus; 

Elevation: 1400--3350 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, n W&I; 

Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana, New Mexico, also eastern North America, northern Eurasia. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Sep 

eFlora Treatment Author: Peter C. Hoch

Oenothera primiveris (Yellow Desert Evening Primrose)

3/26/05 Johnson Valley OHV Area, Ord Mountain turnoff, San Bernardino County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Yellow Desert Evening Primrose

SPECIES: Oenothera primiveris

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE3/26/2005

LOCATION: Johnson Valley OHV Area, Ord Mountain turnfoff, San Bernardino County, CA

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, rosetted, minutely strigose, in inflorescence generally glandular; hairs also coarse, with red, blister-like base or not. 

Stem: generally 0 (sometimes erect or ascending, < 3.5 dm). 

Leaf: 4--28 cm, oblanceolate, wavy-dentate to 1--2-pinnately lobed, green to gray-green. 

Inflorescence: flowers in axils. 

Flower: hypanthium 20--72 mm; sepals 7--30 mm, free tips in bud 0; petals 6--40 mm, yellow fading red-purple to orange. 

Fruit: 10--60 mm, 4--8 mm wide, lanceolate to ovate, straight, curved, or S-shaped. 

Seed: 3--3.5 mm, irregularly obovate to oblanceolate, papillate, 1 side coarsely wrinkled in distal 1/2, other side with thick, U-shaped area forming groove and small cavity at tip. 

Ecology: Sandy flats, low hills, dune margins, arroyos; 

Elevation: 30--1400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: D; 

Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Texas, northwestern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Note: Often self-pollinated, less commonly not. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Oenothera deltoides (Dune Evening Primrose, Birdcage/Basket Evening Primrose)

3/7/04 Coyote Canyon, Anza Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, CA 


2/27/05 Henderson Canyon Rd., Anza Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, CA 

2/19/05 Hwy. 78, N. Algodones Dunes, 
Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area, Imperial County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Dune Evening Primrose, Birdcage / Basket Evening Primrose

SPECIES: Oenothera deltoides

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE3/7/2004

LOCATION: Coyote Canyon, Anza Borrego Desert State Park, San Diego County, CA 

*******************************************************************************
Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual; hairs spreading, 1--1.5 mm distally, also minutely strigose or not. 

Stem: generally 2--10 dm, +- branched from base. 

Leaf: distal dentate. 

Flower: bud tip obtuse to acute; sepal free tips 0--1 mm; petals 15--43 mm. 

Fruit: base 2--3 mm wide. 

Ecology: Sandy soils, including dunes; 

Elevation: generally < 1100 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: D; 

Distribution Outside California: southern Nevada, western Arizona, northwestern Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner