Thursday, May 18, 2017

Cryptantha intermedia (Common Cryptantha)

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Cryptantha

SPECIES: Cryptantha intermedia 

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual 10--60+ cm, erect. 

Leaf: 1.5--5(7) cm, generally strigose and +- spreading-bristly on margins, midveins, occasionally ascending rough-hairy, bulbous-based hairs +- dense. 

Inflorescence: bracts generally 0. 

Flower: calyx 2--3 mm, lobes appressed, dense-rough-hairy, midvein +- thickened, bristles 0 or spreading; corolla deciduous, appendages +- yellow. 

Fruit:nutlets 1--4, fine-grainy to low-tubercled (smooth), +- rough, generally dull, abaxially +- rounded, ridge 0. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Michael G. Simpson & Kristen E. Hasenstab-Lehman

Tropidocarpum gracile (Dobie Pod, Slender Keel Fruit)

 
3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Dobie Pod, Slender Keel Fruit

SPECIES: Tropidocarpum gracile

FAMILY: Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Stem: (0.4)1--4.5(6) dm. 

Leaf: blade (1.5)2.5--10(15) cm; lateral lobes entire to dentate or pinnately lobed, pairs 3--8(12). 

Flower: sepals 2.5--4 mm; petals 3--6 mm, 1.5--4 mm wide, yellow, occasionally tinged purple. 

Fruit: silique, linear, (2.5)3--6(7) cm, 1.5--2(3) mm wide, length 13--46 × > width; valves 2; style (0.3)0.5--2.5(4) mm; pedicels erect to ascending, (4)6--17(35) mm. 

Seed: 30--70, 1.2--1.6 mm, oblong. 

Ecology: Common. Grassy banks, open fields, roadsides, pastures; 

Elevation: < 1450 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SW, w DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Synonyms: Tropidocarpum gracile var. dubium (Davidson) Jeps.

eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Amsinckia intermedia (Common Fiddleneck)

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Common Fiddleneck

SPECIES: Amsinckia intermedia

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Stem: ascending to erect, green to brown, spreading-bristly, branches 0--many. 

Leaf: spreading, green, coarse-hairy to bristly. 

Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal, not fused above base; corolla 7--11 mm, tube exserted, tube 10-veined near base, limb 4--10 mm diam, +- orange, generally with 5 dark spots; stamens attached above middle of tube, anthers generally appressed to stigma; style to throat. 

Fruit: 2--3.5 mm, +- sharp-tubercled, occasionally ridged. 

Ecology: Open, generally disturbed areas; 

Elevation: < 1750(2350) m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA (uncommon D); 

Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, western Montana, Utah, western Texas, Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Mar--Jun 

Note: Homostylous. Perhaps better treated as part of Amsinckia menziesii. Hybridizes with Amsinckia lycopsoidesAmsinckia retrorsa; see note under Amsinckia eastwoodiae

Synonyms: Amsinckia intermedia var. echinata (A. Gray) Wiggins; Amsinckia menziesii (Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr. var. intermedia (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Ganders, ined. 

Unabridged Note: Self-pollinated. Highly variable, with 100+ named, mostly indistinct variants, some of which may grow together and remain distinct but intergrade over their ranges.

eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Fred R. Ganders

Artemisia californica (California Sagebrush)

 3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Sagebrush

SPECIES: Artemisia californica

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Shrub (2)6--25 dm, rounded, branched from base. 

Stem: slender, flexible, wand-like, glabrous to canescent. 

Leaf: 1--10 cm, thread-like and entire or 1--2-pinnately divided into thread-like lobes, +- hairy, light green to gray; margins curled under. 

Inflorescence: heads disciform, < 5 mm diam, nodding, short-peduncled along branches of leafy, +- narrow, panicle-like cluster; phyllaries widely (ob)ovate, sparsely canescent, margins wide, scarious. 

Pistillate Flower: 6--10. 

Disk Flower: 15--30. 

Fruit: 0.8--1.5 mm, resin-gland-dotted; pappus +- 0. 

Ecology: Coastal scrub, chaparral, open woodland; 

Elevation: < 800 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CW, SW; 

Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Aug--Nov 

eFlora Treatment Author: Leila M. Shultz

Elymus triticoides (Creeping/Beardless Wild Rye)

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Creeping/Beardless Wild Rye

SPECIES: Elymus triticoides

FAMILY: Poaceae (Grass Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant from rhizomes. 

Stem: 4.5--12.5 dm, nodes glabrous. 

Leaf: sheath glabrous or hairy; auricles to 1 mm; ligule 0.2--1.3 mm; blade 10--35 cm, 3--6 mm wide, upper surface finely scabrous. 

Inflorescence: 5--20 cm; spikelets (1)2(3) per node. 

Spikelet: glumes 5--16 mm, awl-like; florets 3--7; lemma 5--12 mm, generally awn-tipped, awn to 3 mm. 

Ecology: Dry to moist, often saline, meadows; 

Elevation: < 2500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA; 

Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Texas, Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Jul 

Note: Hybridizes with Elymus condensatusElymus mollis

Synonyms: Leymus triticoides (Buckley) Pilg.

eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr.

Cylindropuntia californica var. parkeri (Cane Cholla)

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Cane Cholla

SPECIES: Cylindropuntia californica var. parkeri

FAMILY: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant < 3 m. 

Stem: terminal segments generally 16--40 cm, 1.7--4 cm diam, firmly attached; tubercle 16--35 mm, < 7 mm high. 

Spines: 0--20, generally < 3.5 cm, yellow to orange-brown, sheath translucent white to gold-brown. 

Ecology: Chaparral, pinyon/juniper woodland; 

Elevation: 700--1900 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: sw SnJV (Cuyama Valley), s SCoRO (Cuyama River Canyon), PR, w DSon; 

Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jul 

Note: Densely spined forms can be confused with Cylindropuntia ganderi

Synonyms: Opuntia parryi Engelm.; Opuntia parryi var. parryi; Opuntia californica (Torr. & A. Gray) Coville var. parkeri (J.M. Coult.) Pinkava; Opuntia echinocarpa var. parkeri J.M. Coult.; Opuntia bernardina Parish

eFlora Treatment Author: Marc Baker, Bruce D. Parfitt & Jon Rebman

Slender Goldfields (Lasthenia gracilis)

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

 3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Slender Goldfields

SPECIES: Lasthenia gracilis

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual < 40 cm. 

Stem: simple or freely branched, branching occasionally basal in desert forms, +- hairy. 

Leaf: 0.8--7 cm, linear to oblanceolate, entire, +- hairy, +- fleshy in coastal forms. 

Inflorescence: involucre 5--10 mm, bell-shaped or hemispheric; phyllaries 4--13, free, hairy, persistent or falling with fruits; receptacle conic, rough, glabrous. 

Ray Flower: 6--13; corolla dark red in alkali solution; ray 5--10 mm. 

Disk Flower: generally many; anther tip triangular; style tips +- triangular. 

Fruit: < 3 mm, linear to +- club-shaped, glabrous or hairy; pappus of (2)4(6) opaque, white, lance-ovate scales, or 0. 

Ecology: Abundant, many habitats; 

Elevation: < 1500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc NCoRH, CaRH, SNH), w DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California: central Arizona, northwestern Baja California. 

Flowering Time:Feb--Jun 

Note: Most commonly found Lasthenia. Distinguished from Lasthenia californica subsp. californica by its pappus (when present) and wider range, extending into southern California. Highly variable; needs further study. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Raymund Chan & Robert Ornduff

California Juniper (Juniperus californica)


3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA

 3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA
  
 3/11/17 Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Juniper

SPECIES: Juniperus californica

FAMILY: Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/11/2017

LOCATION: Harford Springs Reserve, Gavilan Hills, Riverside County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Shrub, tree 1--4(10) m; generally dioecious. 

Stem: trunks several at base; bark gray, thin, outer layers persistent. 

Leaf: generally whorled in 3s, 6-ranked; scale-like, closely appressed; gland obvious. 

Pollen Cone: 2--3 mm, oblong. 

Seed Cone: 7--12 mm, spheric to ovoid, +- blue maturing red-brown, dry. 

Seed: 5--7 mm, pointed, angled, brown. 

Ecology: Dry slopes, flats, pinyon/juniper woodland; 

Elevation: 50--1500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, SNF, ScV (Sutter Buttes), SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR, D; 

Distribution Outside California: southern Nevada, northwestern Arizona, Baja California (Cedros, Guadalupe islands). 

eFlora Treatment Author: Robert P. Adams & Jim A. Bartel

Saturday, April 29, 2017

Malacothrix glabrata (Desert Dandelion)

4/4/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA 

4/4/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Desert Dandelion

SPECIES: Malacothrix glabrata

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/4/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, across from site #19, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual <= 50+ cm. 

Stem: (1)3--10+, generally branched at and above base, erect to ascending, glabrous, +- glaucous. 

Leaf: basal not fleshy, generally oblong-oblanceolate, remotely deeply lobed with narrow, wide-spreading segments to 3(4) cm, glabrous; proximal oblanceolate to obovate, with 3--6 pairs of well-spaced teeth or long narrow lobes; distal reduced, +- lobed. 

Inflorescence: heads 1--few in cyme-like clusters, generally +- long-peduncled; involucre 9--17 mm; outer phyllaries generally 1/2 inner, lanceolate, glabrous or short white-hairy; receptacle densely bristly. 

Flower: corolla 15--23 mm, generally pale yellow (white), ligules of outermost flowers generally exserted 9--13 mm. 

Fruit: 2--3.3 mm; outer pappus of irregular teeth, bristles 1--5. 

Ecology: Coarse soils in open areas or among shrubs in desert areas, foothill woodland; 

Elevation: < 2000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SnJV, SCoRO, WTR, SNE, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Idaho, Utah; Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Mar--Jun 

eFlora Treatment Author: W.S. Davis

Sunday, April 23, 2017

Castilleja exserta ssp. venusta (Mojave Owl's Clover)

 
4/3/17 Ricardo campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA


4/3/17 Ricardo campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA

 
 4/4/17 Ricardo campground near Desert View Nature Trail, 
Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

 4/4/17 Ricardo campground near Desert View Nature Trail, 
Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mojave Owl's Clover

SPECIES: Castilleja exserta ssp. venusta

FAMILY: Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/3/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Inflorescence: distal bracts generally < 5 mm wide, lobes > 2 mm, dark red, tipped deep pink or purple. 

Flower: corolla bright rose-red except pouch yellow- to orange-tipped. 

Ecology: Dry sand, washes; 

Elevation: 600--1500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: w DMoj. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Synonyms: Orthocarpus purpurascens Benth. var. ornatus Jeps.

eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard

Eriophyllum wallacei (Wallace's Eriophyllum, Wallace's Woolydaisy)

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA 

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Wallace's Eriophyllum, Wallace's Woolydaisy

SPECIES: Eriophyllum wallacei

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/3/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual 1--15 cm, often tufted, woolly. 

Leaf: 7--20 mm, spoon-shaped to obovate, entire or 3-lobed. 

Inflorescence: head 1; peduncle 1--3 cm; involucre 5--7 mm, bell-shaped; phyllaries 5--10, acute, free; receptacle hemispheric. 

Ray Flower: 5--10; ray 3--4 mm, yellow, occasionally cream-white. 

Disk Flower: many; corolla 2--3 mm, throat minutely puberulent; anther tip awl-like, glabrous. 

Fruit: +- 2 mm, narrowly club-shaped, glabrous or minutely strigose; pappus (0)0.4--0.8 mm. 

Ecology: Chaparral, sagebrush or desert scrub or woodland; 

Elevation: 30--2400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: e SnFrB, SnGb, SnBr, PR, SNE, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to southwestern Utah, northwestern Arizona, northern Baja California.

Flowering Time: Dec--Jul 

Synonyms: Eriophyllum wallacei var. calvescens S.F. Blake; Eriophyllum aureum Brandegee

eFlora Treatment Author: John S. Mooring & Dale E. Johnson (annual species)

Yucca brevifolia (Joshua Tree)

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA 

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park,
Kern County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Joshua Tree

SPECIES: Yucca brevifolia 

FAMILY: Agavaceae (Agave Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/3/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, across from site #19, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant 1--15 m. 

Stem: erect, above ground, generally branched above, rosettes at tips, well above ground. 

Leaf: 15--35 cm, 0.7--1.5 cm wide, dark green, expanded base 2--4 cm, 4--5 cm wide, +- white, margins minute-serrate, yellow. 

Inflorescence: 3--5 dm, distal generally +- 1/2 exserted from rosettes. 

Flower: erect; perianth 4--7 cm, +- bell-shaped, parts lanceolate to oblong, +- fused at base, cream to +- green; filaments thick; pistil +- 3.5 cm. 

Fruit: capsule, spreading to erect in age, 6--8.5 cm, ellipsoid, dry, spongy, or leathery in youth. 

Ecology: Desert flats, slopes; 

Elevation: 400--2000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s SNH (e slope), Teh, e SNE, DMoj; 

Distribution Outside California: to southwestern Utah, western Arizona, southern Nevada. 

Flowering Time: Apr--May 

Note: Growth form variable. 

Synonyms: Yucca brevifolia var. herbertii (J.M. Webber) Munz; Yucca brevifolia var. jaegeriana McKelvey; Yucca jaegeriana (McKelvey) L.W. Lenz 

eFlora Treatment Author: William J. Hess

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Plagiobothrys jonesii (Mojave Popcornflower)

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Site#19
Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mojave Popcornflower

SPECIES: Plagiobothrys jonesii

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/3/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, Site #19, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, sharp-spreading-bristly. 

Stem: ascending to erect, < 5 dm. 

Leaf: cauline, alternate, lower 2--10 cm, hairs +- blister-based. 

Inflorescence: bracts near base; pedicel 0--1 mm. 

Flower: calyx 4--8 mm; corolla funnel-shaped, limb 1--3 mm diam, appendages minute, white. 

Fruit: nutlets 3--4, 2--3 mm, triangular-ovate, cobblestone-like, tubercles 0; abaxial ridge, lateral ridges weak, cross-ribs 0; scar near middle, long, narrow, on ridge. 

Ecology: Sandy, gravelly, rocky slopes, creosote-bush scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland; 

Elevation: < 1800 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, SNE, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to southern Utah, western Arizona, Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Apr--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley

Chaenactis fremontii (Fremont/Desert Pincushion)

4/3/17 Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Fremont/Desert Pincushion

SPECIES: Chaenactis fremontii

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/3/2017

LOCATION: Ricardo Campground, Red Rock Canyon State Park, Kern County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual 10--30(40) cm; proximal hairs +- cobwebby early, +- gray, 0 by flowering time. 

Stem: generally 1--12; branches generally proximal. 

Leaf: basal, withering, and +- cauline, 1--7(10) cm; largest blades linear, cylindric, entire, or +- elliptic, flat, 1-pinnately lobed, +- fleshy, nonglandular; lobes generally 1--2(5) pairs, tips +- cylindric. 

Inflorescence: heads radiant, generally 1--5 per stem; peduncle distally generally glandular-hairy, or +- glabrous in fruit; involucre +- obconic to hemispheric; longest phyllaries 8--10(12) mm, outer +- glabrous in fruit, tip erect, stiff, acute. 

Flower: corolla white to +- pink, inner 5--8 mm, outer bilateral, spreading, > inner. 

Fruit: (3)6--8 mm; inner fruit pappus of 4 scales in 1 series, longest 6--8.5 mm, tips visible among buds. 

Ecology: Loose sand or gravel, often growing through shrubs; 

Elevation: -10--1600(2200) m. 

Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, s SnJV, SCoRI, n&e edges SW (exc ChI), s SNE (exc W&I), D; 

Distribution Outside California: to southwestern Utah, western Arizona, northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Feb--May 

Unabridged Note: Prominent spring wildflower in lower deserts; eaten by desert tortoises.

eFlora Treatment Author: James D. Morefield