Thursday, April 26, 2018

Mission Manzanita (Xylococcus bicolor)


1/31/10 Kyle Court, La Cresta, Murrieta SW Riverside County, CA 

 1/31/10 Kyle Court, La Cresta, Murrieta SW Riverside County, CA 

1/31/10 Kyle Court, La Cresta, Murrieta SW Riverside County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mission Manzanita

SPECIES: Xylococcus bicolor

FAMILY: Ericaceae (Heath Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 1/31/2010

LOCATION: Kyle Court, La CrestaMurrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Shrub, burled. 

Stem: erect, < 2.5 m; bark shredding; twigs canescent. 

Leaf: generally alternate, evergreen, 2.5--4.5 cm, elliptic to oblong, leathery; margin entire, rolled under, abaxially densely white- to gray-hairy, adaxially glabrous, dark green. 

Inflorescence: panicle, +- reflexed, dense, bracted; pedicel not jointed to flower, bractlets 2. 

Flower: sepals generally 5; corolla urn-shaped, hairy, petals 5, fused, < 9 mm, white or +- pink; stamens generally 10, filaments woolly in lower 1/2, not swollen at base, anthers dehiscing by separate slits, awned; ovary superior, hairy, chambers generally 5, placentas axile. 

Fruit: drupe, < 9 mm wide, smooth, flesh dry; stones (3)5, fused into a smooth unit. 

Ecology: Chaparral; 

Elevation: < 650 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SCo, s ChI (Santa Catalina Island), PR (exc SnJt); 

Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Dec--Feb 

eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Coast Live Oak, California Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)

 3/20/2010 Trans Preserve Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve,
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

 4/2/2010 Vista Grande Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve,
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Coast Live Oak, California Live Oak

SPECIES: Quercus agrifolia

FAMILY: Fagaceae (Oak Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/20/2010

LOCATION: Trans Preserve Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Leaf: abaxially glabrous to sparsely hairy except vein axils hair-tufted. 

Ecology: Valleys, slopes, mixed-evergreen forest, woodland; 

Elevation: < 1440 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, NCoRI, ScV, CW, SW; 

Distribution Outside California: Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Mid Jan--Apr 

Note:Hybridizes with Quercus kelloggii (Quercus ×chasei), Quercus parvula var. shreveiQuercus wislizeni.  

Synonyms: Quercus agrifolia var. frutescens Engelm.; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti & John M. Tucker

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Meadow Nemophila (Nemophila pedunculata)

4/2/10 Vista Grande Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, 
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Meadow Nemophila

SPECIES: Nemophila pedunculata

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/2/2010

LOCATION: Vista Grande Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Leaf: opposite; blade >= petiole, 5--35 mm, oblong to ovate, lobes 5--9, deep, generally entire, obtuse or acute. 

Inflorescence: pedicels 4--12 mm, < 45 mm in fruit. 

Flower: calyx lobes 1--4 mm, appendages < 3 mm in fruit; corolla 2--5 mm, 2--8 mm wide, bowl- or bell-shaped, white or blue, generally dark-veined or with black, blue, or purple dots, purple-spotted or not at lobe tips, tube = filaments; anthers < 1 mm; style < 2 mm. 

Seed: 2--8, black, brown, or green, smooth, wrinkled, or pitted. 

Ecology: Common. Ocean bluffs, grassland, slopes, meadows, sandbars, fields, woodland, streambanks; 

Elevation: < 2400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP; 

Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Nevada, Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Feb--Jul 

eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse

Saturday, March 17, 2018

Graceful Tarplant (Holocarpha virgata ssp. elongata)

5/22/10 Vernal Pool Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve,
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Graceful Tarplant

SPECIES: Holocarpha virgata ssp. elongata)

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 5/22/10

LOCATION: Vernal Pool Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Stem: branches +- upcurved, pliable. 

Inflorescence: peduncle 0--5(15) cm. 

Ecology: Grassland; 

Elevation: < 900 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: c&s SCo, PR (exc SnJt). 

Flowering Time: Jul--Nov 

eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce G. Baldwin

Hoover's Downingia, Hoover's Calicoflower (Downingia bella)

5/22/10 Main vernal pool, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve,
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA 

5/22/10 

 5/22/10

 5/22/10

5/22/10

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Hoover's Downingia, Hoover's Calicoflower

SPECIES: Downingia bella

FAMILY: Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 5/22/10

LOCATION: Main vernal pool, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Flower: corolla 10--12 mm, glabrous, lateral sinuses +- = upper, lower lip blue with central white area including 2 yellow spots generally alternate 2--3 purple spots near throat; anthers included to +- exserted, < 45° to filaments; ovary glabrous to minutely spiny-scabrous, 2-chambered, placentas axile. 

Fruit: 18--60 mm, tardily dehiscent, lateral walls tough, lines not translucent. 

Seed: with longitudinal lines. 

Ecology: Uncommon. Vernal pools; 

Elevation: < 200 m (GV), 610--655 m (PR), 1400--1600 m (WTR). 

Bioregional Distribution: GV, PR (Santa Rosa Plateau, Riverside Co.), n WTR. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

Note: Plants in PR, WTR (fruit < 30 mm, nectar guides +- unusual) possibly distinct. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Lisa M. Schultheis

Friday, March 16, 2018

California Sweet Cicely (Osmorhiza brachypoda)

4/17/10 Trans Preserve Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, 
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Sweet Cicely

SPECIES: Osmorhiza brachypoda

FAMILY: Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/17/10

LOCATION: Trans Preserve Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant 3--8 dm, finely hairy.

Leaf: petiole 5--20 cm; blade 1--2 dm, ovate to triangular-ovate, 2--3-ternate, leaflets 2--8 cm, ovate, serrate to irregularly cut or pinnately lobed. 

Inflorescence: peduncle 9--20 cm; bractlets 2--6, 2--10 mm, linear to lanceolate; rays 2--5, 3.5--12 cm, spreading-ascending; pedicels 1--5 mm. 

Flower: corolla +- green-yellow; styles generally < 1 mm; disk generally conspicuous. 

Fruit: 12--20 mm, oblong-fusiform; tail 1--4 mm; beak slender; ribs bristly. 

Ecology: Moist ravines, conifer forest, woodland; 

Elevation: 200--2000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: c&s SNF, n SNH, Teh, SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR; 

Distribution Outside California: central Arizona. 

Flowering Time: Mar--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax

Poison Sanicle (Sanicula bipinnata)

4/17/10 Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, 
Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Poison Sanicle

SPECIES: Saniclua bipinnata

FAMILY: Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/17/10

LOCATION: Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant 12--60 cm; taproot +- swollen. 

Stem: leafy. 

Leaf: compound, ternate then 1--2-pinnate, green; blade 3--10 cm, +- ovate, leaflets well separated, stalked, margins entire to lobed, distal segment of main axis 1--5 mm wide. 

Inflorescence: peduncle 1.5--9 cm; bracts 6--8, 1--2 mm, < heads, linear to lanceolate, entire; bisexual flower 3--10 per umbel, pedicel 0, staminate 4--6 per umbel, 1--1.5 mm. 

Flower: inconspicuous; calyx lobes fused at base, ovate, acute; corolla yellow; styles 2--3 × calyx lobes. 

Fruit: 2--3 mm wide, ovate to +- round, bulbous-tubercled, each generally with short, hooked prickles. 

Seed: face grooved. 

Ecology: Open grassland or pine/oak woodland; 

Elevation: 20--1000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, s CaR, SNF, ScV, SnFrB, SCoR, n&c SW. 

Toxicity: Possibly TOXIC, but no record of poisonings. 

Flowering Time: Apr--May 

eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Chamise, Greasewood (Adenostoma fasciculatum)

5/14/17 On our property in La Cresta, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA 

5/14/17 On our property in La Cresta, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Chamise, Greasewood

SPECIES: Adenostoma fasciculatum

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 6/1/2006

LOCATION: On our property in La Cresta, Murrieta, SW Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant < 4 m, not mounded. 

Stem: branches erect to ascending, twigs glabrous (hairy). 

Leaf: 5--13 mm, generally linear to oblanceolate, tips generally acute-acuminate. 

Inflorescence: open, 0.5--17.2 cm. 

Ecology: Dry slopes, ridges, chaparral; 

Elevation: < 1830 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, CaRF, SN, CW, SW; 

Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon, Baja California. 

Flowering Time: May--Jun 

eFlora Treatment Author: William Jones

Ammophila arenaria (European Beach Grass) - Non-Native

 8/8/17 Oceano Dunes SRVA, San Luis Obispo County, CA

 8/8/17 Oceano Dunes SRVA, San Luis Obispo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: European Beach Grass

SPECIES: Ammophila arenaria

FAMILY: Poaceae (Grass Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 8/8/17

LOCATION: Oceano Dunes SRVA, San Luis Obispo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATURALIZED

Stem: 5--12 dm. 

Leaf: 4--11 dm; ligule 1--3 cm, acute; blade 2--5 mm wide. 

Inflorescence: 15--30 cm, +- 2 cm wide, cylindric. 

Spikelet: 10--13 mm; callus hairs 2--4 mm; lemma 8--10 mm. 

Ecology: Sand dunes; 

Elevation: < 240 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo, s ChI (San Nicolas Island); 

Distribution Outside California: native to northern Europe. 

Flowering Time: May--Aug 

Note: Cult for dune stabilization, baskets, brooms. If recognized taxonomically, plants from central SCo (Orange Co.), northern CCo (Angel Island), with ligules 1--5 mm, firm, minutely ciliate, assignable to Ammophila breviligulata Fernald, native to eastern United States, common on shores of the Great Lakes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken

Friday, February 23, 2018

Cucurbita foetidissima (Buffalo Gourd, Calabazilla, Stinking Gourd)

5/21/17 Off Hwy. 76 at Lake Henshaw, San Diego County, CA 

5/21/17 Off Hwy. 76 at Lake Henshaw, San Diego County, CA 

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Buffalo Gourd, Calabazilla, Stinking Gourd

SPECIES: Cucurbita foetidissima

FAMILY: Cucurbitaceae (Gourd Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 5/21/17

LOCATION: Off Hwy. 76 at Lake Henshaw, San Diego County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Herbage coarsely scabrous; tendril branched generally > 1 cm from base. 

Leaf: ill-smelling, 15--30 cm, generally triangular-ovate, angular, gray-green, base +- cordate or truncate, finely toothed or weakly lobed. 

Flower:corolla 9--12 cm, yellow. 

Fruit: generally 7--8 cm wide, +- spheric, green, mottled, with coarse, white stripes. 

Seed: 12--14 mm, white. 

Ecology: Sandy, gravelly places; 

Elevation: < 1300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: GV, CW, SW, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to Nebraska, Missouri, Texas, Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Aug 

eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising

Thursday, February 22, 2018

Datura wrightii (Sacred Datura, Jimsonweed)

 5/20/00 Gabrielino Trail, JPL to Oakwilde, Arroyo Seco, 
San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA

4/27/03 Gabrielino Trail, JPL to Oakwilde, Arroyo Seco, 
San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA
 
5/21/17 Off Hwy. 76 at Lake Henshaw, San Diego County, CA 


5/21/17 Off Hwy. 76 at Lake Henshaw, San Diego County, CA 


7/27/97 Big Morongo Canyon Preserve, San Bernardino County, CA 


 4/4/04 Box Canyon Road, Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA 

7/28/15 Mission La Purisima Concepcion, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA



LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Sacred Datura, Jimsonweed

SPECIES: Datura wrightii

FAMILY: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/27/1997

LOCATION: Big Morongo Canyon Preserve, San Bernardino County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual or perennial herb, 5--15 dm. 

Stem: white-puberulent. 

Leaf: 7--20 cm, ovate, entire or coarsely lobed. 

Flower: erect to nodding; calyx 8--12 cm, ribbed at least toward base, lobes +- 2 cm; corolla 15--20 cm, puberulent, white, lobes 1--2 cm, tips long, narrow; filaments 13--15 cm, anthers 12--15 mm; style 15--18 cm. 

Fruit: irregular-valved, nodding, 25--30 mm wide, puberulent; prickles 5--12 mm. 

Seed: 5 mm, flat, tan; margin grooved. 

Ecology: Sandy or gravelly open areas; 

Elevation: < 2200 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, c&s SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SW, D; 

Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Texas, Mexico. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Oct 

Note: Cult for showy flowers; may have been introduced by early Spanish; possibly conspecific with Datura inoxia Mill. 

Synonyms: Datura meteloides A.DC.; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Oenothera californica (California Evening Primrose)

3/14/98 Saddleback Butte Trail, Saddleback Butte State Park, 
Antelope Valley, W. Mojave, Los Angeles County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Evening Primrose

SPECIES: Oenothera californica

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 3/14/1998

LOCATION: Saddleback Butte Trail, Saddleback Butte State Park, Antelope Valley, W. Mojave, Los Angeles County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant +- gray-green; hairs dense, short, appressed and also longer, spreading. 

Stem: new rosettes not formed at tips. 

Leaf: cauline oblong to lanceolate, generally +- pinnately lobed. 

Fruit: 20--80 mm. 

Ecology: Sandy or gravelly areas, desert scrub to pinyon/juniper or ponderosa-pine woodland; 

Elevation: 800--2500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SNE, D; 

Distribution Outside California: +- southwestern United States. 

Flowering Time: Apr--Jun 

Synonyms: Oenothera avita (W.M. Klein) W.M. Klein; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner

Chylismia claviformis ssp. peirsonii (Peirson's Browneyes)


2/6/05  Mecca Hills Wilderness, wash on north side of Box Canyon Rd. 
(across road from Little Box Canyon Trailhead), west of Meccacopia Trail 
& east of Sheep Hole Oasis Campground. Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA

 2/6/05  Mecca Hills Wilderness, wash on north side of Box Canyon Rd. 
(across road from Little Box Canyon Trailhead), west of Meccacopia Trail 
& east of Sheep Hole Oasis Campground. Mecca Hills, Riverside County, CA

4/27/01 Sandy wash near primitive campsites, Trilobite Wilderness (BLM),
East Mojave, San Bernardino County, CA

2/19/05 Imperial Sand Dunes, Imperial County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Peirson's Browneyes

SPECIES: Chylismia claviformis ssp. peirsonii

FAMILY: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 4/27/2001

LOCATION: Sandy wash near primitive campsites, Trilobite Wilderness (BLM), East Mojave, San Bernardino County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant spreading-hairy, rarely strigose or glandular. 

Leaf: terminal leaflet < 90 mm, narrowly ovate; lateral leaflets generally large. 

Flower: hypanthium 2.5--4.5 mm; sepal tips in bud free, conspicuous; petals 4.5--7 mm, generally yellow. 

Ecology: Sandy flats, creosote-bush scrub; 

Elevation: -70--300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: PR, DSon (Imperial Co.); 

Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. 

Flowering Time: Feb--Apr 

Note: Intergrades with Chylismia claviformis subsp. aurantiaca

Synonyms: Camissonia claviformis (Torr. & Frém.) P.H. Raven subsp. peirsonii (Munz) P.H. Raven; Oenothera claviformis Torr. & Frém. subsp. peirsonii (Munz) P.H. Raven; 

eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner