Monday, November 14, 2016

Machaeranthera canescens (Hoary Aster)

 7/8/16 Dunderburg Meadow Road from Virginia Lake Road, Toiyabe National Forest,
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

7/8/16

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Hoary Aster

SPECIES: Machaeranthera canescens 

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Dunderburg Meadow Road from Virginia Lake Road, Toiyabe National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Annual to perennial herb < 12 dm, generally canescent-puberulent and often glandular

Stems 1–several from base, generally branched above and ± bushy

Leaves generally 3–10 cm, generally 2–6 mm wide, linear to obovate, subentire to dentate or minutely serrate; lower tapered; upper sometimes clasping

Inflorescence: heads radiate; phyllaries generally in 3–10 series, tips short-triangular to elongate, acuminate, spreading to bent backward, generally ± glandular or glabrous

Ray flowers many (0 in var.  shastensis ); corollas blue-purple; ligules 1–2 cm

Disk flowers many; corollas 5.5–8 mm

Fruit 2.5–3.5 mm, narrowly obovate, weakly curved and ± flattened with 5–7 ribs on each face, glabrous or ± silky; pappus 6–8 mm

Ecology: Common. Many habitats

Elevation: 300–3400 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert 

Distribution outside California: w N.America

Erigeron aphanactis (Rayless Daisy)

 7/8/16 Dunderburg Meadow Road (from Virginia Lake Road), Toiyable National Forest,
Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

7/8/16

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Rayless Daisy, Rayless Shaggy Fleabane

SPECIES: Erigeron aphanactis

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Dunderburg Meadow Road (from Virginia Lake Road), Toiyable National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial 8–25 cm, from taproot and short-branched caudex, often densely cespitose, stiffly spreading-hairy, sessile-glandular

Leaves: basal 4–7 cm, sometimes long-petioled, linear-oblanceolate, gradually reduced upwards

Inflorescence flat-topped; heads disciform, 1–many, 8–12 mm diam; phyllaries ± equal

Pistillate flowers many; ligules 0 or < involucre

Disk flowers: corollas generally abruptly inflated to throat

Fruit: pappus bristles 12–17

Ecology: Sagebrush or juniper scrub

Elevation: 1300–2600 m.  

Bioregional distribution: c High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains  

Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Colorado, New Mexico

Saturday, November 12, 2016

Adenostoma sparsifolium (Red Shank / Ribbon Wood)

11/5/16 State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA 









LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Red Shank, Ribbon Wood

SPECIES: Adenostoma sparsifolium

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Shrub or tree-like, 2–6 m

Stem: trunk bark red-brown; twigs glabrous

Leaves 4–15 mm, not clustered; stipules 0

Inflorescence < 15 cm, open; bracts narrowly ovate, papery; pedicels 0–4 mm

Flower: hypanthium 5-ribbed, nonglandular; corolla lobes ± 2 mm; ovary truncate

Ecology: Dry slopes, flats, chaparral

Elevation: 300–2000 m.  

Bioregional distribution: s Central Coast, s Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges 

Distribution outside California: Baja California

Horticultural information: DRN, SUN, DRY: 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

Eriogonum fasciculatum var. polifolium (California Buckwheat)

11/5/16 State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: California Buckwheat

SPECIES: Eriogonum fasciculatum var. polifolium

FAMILY: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant ± rounded

Leaf oblanceolate, slightly rolled under, ± tomentose above

Inflorescence ± tomentose; involucre 2.5–3.5 mm, hairy

Flower: perianth hairy

Ecology: Dry slopes, washes

Elevation: 60–2300 m.  

Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada, Inner South Coast Ranges, e South Coast, Transverse Ranges, e Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert 

Distribution outside California: to sw Utah, w Arizona, nw Mexico

Flowering time: Apr–Nov

Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; STBL.

Artemisia tridentata (Big Sagebrush)

11/5/16 State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA 




LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Big Sagebrush

SPECIES: Artemisia tridentata

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Shrub < 30 dm, from thick trunk, gray-hairy

Stems generally glabrous

Leaves 1–3(6) cm, generally wedge-shaped, generally 3(0–5)-toothed at tip, often in axillary clusters, persistent, gray-green, densely hairy

Inflorescence: heads 2–2.5 mm diam, generally erect; phyllaries oblanceolate to widely obovate, densely tomentose, margins ± transparent

Pistillate flowers 0

Disk flowers 4–6

Fruit 1–2 mm, glandular or hairy

Ecology: Common. Dry soils, valleys, slopes

Elevation: 300–3000+ m.  

Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Inner South Coast Ranges, s San Joaquin Valley, South Coast, Transverse Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert 

Distribution outside California: to Washington, north-central US, New Mexico

Ceanothus leucodermis (Whitebark California Lilac/Chaparral Whitethorn)


11/5/16 State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA







LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Whitebark California Lilac, Chaparral Whitethorn

SPECIES: Ceanothus leucodermis

FAMILY: Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant erect, < 4 m, thorny

Stem: twigs round, gray-glaucous, puberulent, becoming glaucous

Leaves alternate, evergreen, < 4 cm; stipules deciduous; petiole 2–3 mm; blade ovate to elliptic-oblong, 3-ribbed from base, tip acute to obtuse, margin entire to minutely serrate, glandular or not, both surfaces gray-glaucous, glabrous to puberulent

Inflorescence generally raceme-like, < 11 cm; clusters stalked

Flower pale blue to white

Fruit < 6 mm, sticky, 3-lobed, depressed at top; valve crests 0

Ecology: Dry, rocky or sandy slopes

Elevation: < 1800 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges 

Distribution outside California: n Baja California

Variable in leaves, inflorescence

Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.

Friday, November 11, 2016

Eriodictyon crassifolium (Thick-Leaved Yerba Santa)

11/5/16 State Route 74 at 4,000' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA





LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Thick-Leaved Yerba Buena

SPECIES: Eriodictyon crassifolium

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Stem 1–3 m; twigs densely hairy to tomentose

Leaf 3–17 cm, 1–6 cm wide, lance-ovate to oblong, short-petioled, entire to toothed, sparsely hairy to white-tomentose above, tomentose below

Flower: calyx lobes 2–6 mm, densely hairy; corolla 5–16 mm, lavender, densely hairy; styles 3–8 mm

Seeds 8–14

Ecology: Slopes, roadsides, washes, river bottoms, mesas

Elevation: 30–2500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Tehachapi Mountain Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges.Lf hairiness variable; vars. not easily distinguished.

Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides (Birch-Leaf Mountain Mahogany)

11/5/16 SR 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Birch-Leaf Mountain Mahogany

SPECIES: Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/5/2016

LOCATION: State Route 243 at 4,800' elevation, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Leaf: petiole 1–7 mm; blade 1–4 cm, obovate to ± round, finely toothed to serrate; lateral veins 4–7

Inflorescence: flowers 1–3; pedicel 1–4 mm, 2–6 mm in fruit

Flower: hypanthium 5–8 mm, 8–14 mm in fruit, rim 5–6 mm diam

Fruit: style 5–9 cm

Ecology: Dry, rocky slopes, chaparral

Elevation: < 2500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Modoc Plateau 

Horticultural information: SUN, DRY: 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; also STBL.

Sunday, November 6, 2016

Pseudognaphalium thermale (Slender Everlasting)

11/4/16 Idyllwild County Park, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA


LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Slender Everlasting

SPECIES: Pseudognaphalium thermale

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 11/4/2016

LOCATION: Idyllwild County Park, San Jacinto Mountains, Riverside County, CA

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From Jepson e-Flora Taxon Page:

Habit: Perennial herb, scented. 

Stem: 2--7 dm, loosely tomentose, not glandular. 

Leaf: proximally or not crowded, 3--8 cm, 3--6 mm wide, reduced distally on stem, narrowly oblanceolate, not clasping, decurrent 5--18 mm, flat, faces loosely tomentose, sessile-glandular beneath long hairs. 

Inflorescence: loose to dense, flat-topped to panicle-like cluster; involucre (4)5--6 mm, top- to bell-shaped when pressed; phyllaries in 3--4(5) series, ovate to ovate-oblong, +- white, transparent or opaque, generally shiny, sometimes dull, outer widely acute, inner rounded to short-pointed, glabrous. 

Pistillate Flower: 35--55. 

Disk Flower: (2)4--7. 

Fruit: ridged, densely papillate-roughened. 

Ecology: Openings in forest, riverbeds, banks, roadsides; 

Elevation: 100--2500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO, CaRH, c&s SNF, SNH, SnGb, SnBr, SnJt, PR (Cuyamaca Mtns), SNE; 

Distribution Outside California:to British Columbia, Wyoming, Utah. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Sep 

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Hackelia micrantha (Small-Flowered Stickseed, Jessica's Stickseed)


 7/8/16 Off banks of Virginia Creek, Big Virginia Lake, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA


7/8/16 Virginia Creek

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Small-Flowered Stickseed, Jessica's Stickseed

SPECIES: Hackelia micrantha

FAMILY: Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/8/2016

LOCATION: Virginia Creek, Big Virginia Lake, Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Stem 3–11 dm; hairs generally ± 0 to ± sparse, generally ± spreading, often > 1 mm, ± strigose in inflorescence

Leaves: caudex 6–33 cm, 7–37 mm wide, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate; lower cauline generally 5–23 cm, 6–24 mm wide

Flower: corolla blue, limb generally 5–11 mm wide, sometimes smaller

Fruit: nutlets 3–5 mm, facial prickles generally 4–10, < marginal

Ecology: Meadows, along streams, open slopes, forests

Elevation: 700–3400 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau, n East of Sierra Nevada (Sweetwater Mtns) 

Distribution outside California: w N.America

Flowering time: Jul–Aug

Synonyms: H. jessicae (MacGregor) Brand 

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Plantago lanceolata (English Plantain) - Non-Native

 4/9/05 JPL to Oakwilde, Gabrielino Trail, Lower Arroyo Seco, 
San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA

  4/9/05 JPL to Oakwilde, Gabrielino Trail, Lower Arroyo Seco, 

 5/19/01 JPL to Oakwilde, Gabrielino Trail, Lower Arroyo Seco, 
San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA

7/8/16 Roadside near pastures off Twin Lakes Road, Bridgeport, Eastern Sierras,
Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: English Plantain

SPECIES: Plantago lanceolata

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantain 
Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 5/19/2001

LOCATION: PL to Oakwilde, Gabrielino Trail, Lower Arroyo Seco, San Gabriel Mountains, Los Angeles County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Perennial from stout caudex, taprooted, short-hairy

Leaf 5–25 cm, lanceolate to lance-oblong, tapered gradually to petiole; margin generally finely dentate

Inflorescences few–many, 20–80 cm including peduncle; spike 2–8 cm, ± ovoid, becoming cylindric, dense; bract ± = sepals, widely ovate, acute, not exserted

Flower: corolla lobes 2–2.5 mm, spreading, ovate, tips ± acute; stamens 4

Seeds 1–2, ± 3 mm

Ecology: Common. Weed of waste places, lawns, roadsides

Elevation: < 1600 m.  

Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province 

Distribution outside California: native to Europe

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Arnica chamissonis (Meadow Arnica, Chamisso Arnica)


7/8/16 Pastures off Twin Lakes Road, Bridgeport, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

7/5/16 Riparian area off Parker Lake Road, Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Meadow Arnica, Chamisso Arnica

SPECIES: Arnica chamissonis

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/5/2016

LOCATION: Riparian area off Parker Lake Road (Parker Bench, north of Grant Lake), Eastern Sierra, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant 3–8 dm, ± hairy, generally glandular upward

Stem 1, branched above

Leaves: cauline 5–10 pairs, sessile or short-petioled, 5–20(30) cm, blade (ob)lanceolate, (sub)entire, upper ± reduced

Inflorescence: heads radiate, 5–10; involucre 8–15 mm, bell-shaped; phyllaries ± obtuse, inner face generally hair-tufted near tip

Ray flowers generally 13; ligules 1–2 cm

Fruit 4–5 mm, ± glabrous to short-hairy, glandular; pappus short-barbed or weakly subplumose, dirty white to straw-colored

Ecology: Damp meadows, rocky places, coniferous forest

Elevation: 1800–3500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Warner Mountains, n East of Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains 

Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, New Mexico

Flowering time: Jul–Aug

Horticultural information: IRR, SHD: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.