Friday, February 24, 2017

Eriastrum wilcoxii (Wilcox's Woolstar)

7/4/16 Lower elevations of Rock Creek Road, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Mono County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Wilcox's Woolstar

SPECIES: Eriastrum wilcoxii

FAMILY: Polemoniaceae (Phlox Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/4/2016

LOCATION: Lower elevations of Rock Creek Rd., Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Annual, erect, generally robust, woolly-hairy to occasionally subglabrous. 

Stem: 3--30 cm. 

Leaf: 15--30 mm, thread-like, entire or 1--7-lobed near base, densely woolly. 

Flower: corolla 9--14 mm, generally funnel-shaped, tube 5--8 mm, yellow or white, throat +- 2 mm, yellow or white, lobes 4--5 mm, blue; stamens attached in upper tube or lower throat, 1.5--4.5 mm, unequal, exserted. 

Seed: generally 3 per chamber. 

Ecology: Desert flats, slopes; 

Elevation: generally < 2900 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SNH, GB, n DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: to Idaho, Wyoming. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Aug 

Note: Plants in SCoRO with corollas light blue with a dark spot at lobe bases probably an undescribed taxon; study needed. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Sarah De Groot, David Gowen & Robert Patterson

Abies concolor (White Fir)

7/4/16 Rock Creek, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Mono County, CA 

7/4/16 Rock Creek

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: White Fir

SPECIES: Abies concolor

FAMILY: Pinaceae (Pine Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/4/2016

LOCATION: Rock Creek, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Mono County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Stem: trunk < 61 m, < 2.7 m wide; mature crown rounded; bark white-gray in youth, gray-brown to +- black, thick, deep-furrowed, with alternate dark, light layers in age; twig glabrous; bud resinous. 

Leaf: +- 2-ranked on lower branches, twisted upward on higher, 3--9 cm, +- flat; adaxial +- white bands 0; tip generally blunt or acute. 

Seed Cone: 7--13 cm; stalk < 5 mm; bract included. 

Ecology: Mixed-conifer to lower red-fir forest; 

Elevation: 900--3100 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, SNH, Teh, TR, PR, MP, n SNE, DMtns; 

Distribution Outside California: to central Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, northern Baja California. 

Note: Further study needed: most California, some Rocky Mountains plants would be called Abies concolor var. lowiana (Gordon) Lemmon were that taxon recognized; relationship of southern California plants (especially from DMtns) to generally Rocky Mtns Abies concolor var. concolor

Synonyms: Abies lowiana (Gordon) A. Murray bis

eFlora Treatment Author: J. Robert Haller, Nancy J. Vivrette, & James R. Griffin

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Primula jeffreyi (Sierra Shooting Star)


7/3/16 North Lake, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, 
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

7/3/16 North Lake

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Sierra Shooting Star

SPECIES: Primula jeffreyi

FAMILY: Primulaceae (Primrose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant glabrous except stem, inflorescence glandular-hairy. 

Stem: 10--60 cm. 

Leaf: 9--50 cm; blade linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, generally tapered to petiole, entire to crenate. 

Inflorescence: 3--18-flowered. 

Flower: parts in 4s or 5s; corolla lobes 10--25 mm, magenta to lavender or white; filaments free or partly fused, generally < 1.5 mm, anthers 6.5--11 mm, connective wrinkled, generally dark purple; stigma enlarged. Fruit: circumscissile or with valves, sometimes both on 1 pl. 

Ecology: Moist to dry meadows, streambanks; 

Elevation: 600--3000 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCo), CaR, SN, MP; 

Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana. 

Flowering Time: Jun--Aug 

Note: Highly variable, especially in southern SN. Intergrades with Primula fragransPrimula tetrandra

Synonyms: Dodecatheon jeffreyi Van Houtte; Dodecatheon jeffreyi subsp. jeffreyi; Dodecatheon jeffreyi subsp. pygmaeum (H.M. Hall) H.J. Thomps.; Dodecatheon jeffreyi f. pygmaeum H.M. Hall

Unabridged Note: From Reveal 2009 FNANM 8:276: "This species is known universally as Dodecatheon jeffreyi, although it was named a year earlier as D. jeffreyanum K. Koch. To avoid the introduction of a name that has never been used for this widespread and sometimes cultivated plant, D. jeffreyanum has been proposed for rejection (J.F. Veldkamp et al. 2008) [J.F. Veldkamp, J.L. Reveal, and K.N. Gandhi 2008 Taxon 57:1004--1006]".

eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti & Sylvia Kelso

Monday, February 20, 2017

Penstemon rydbergii (Meadow Penstemon)

7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

7/3/16 North Lake Road

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Meadow Penstemon

SPECIES: Penstemon rydbergii

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb 20--60 cm, generally glabrous, occasionally finely hairy on stem proximal to inflorescence; stem base above ground; flowering stems few-branched. 

Leaf: entire; basal and proximal cauline leaves well developed, oblanceolate; distal cauline leaves 25--70 mm, lanceolate. 

Inflorescence: nonglandular. 

Flower: calyx 3--5 mm, lobes narrowly oblong to (ob)ovate; corolla 9--14 mm, blue to purple, glabrous (except white- to yellow-hairy floor); anther sacs 0.5--0.8 mm, dehiscing full length; staminode densely golden-yellow-hairy. 

Ecology: Moist meadows, streambanks, generally in montane to subalpine forests; 

Elevation: 1000--3600 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaR, SNH, GB; 

Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Nevada. 

Flowering Time: May--Aug 

eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren

Symphyotrichum ascendens (Western Aster)

7/3/16 With Apricot Mallow (Sphaeralcea ambigua), South Lake Road, south of Bishop Creek Lodge, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA 

7/3/16 South Lake Road

7/3/16 South Lake Road

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Western Aster

SPECIES: Symphyotrichum ascendens

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: South Lake Road, South of Bishop Creek Lodge, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb; rhizome long. 

Stem: 2--6 dm, strigose at least distally. 

Leaf: basal and cauline, 5--15 cm, smaller distally on stem, oblong to oblanceolate, acute, glabrous to +- strigose. 

Inflorescence: heads in open cyme-like cluster; phyllaries oblong to narrowly obovate, obtuse (outer) to +- acute (inner), green at tip, pale-margined at base, green zone obovate to elliptic. 

Ray Flower: 15--40; corolla 8--15 mm, violet. 

Fruit: hairy. 

Ecology: Meadows, disturbed places; 

Elevation: 500--2500 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: SNH (e slope), Teh, SnGb, SnBr, GB; 

Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, Colorado, northern Arizona. 

Flowering Time: Jul--Sep 

Synonyms: Aster ascendens Lindl.; Aster chilensis Nees subsp
. ascendens (Lindl.) Cronquist
eFlora Treatment Author: Geraldine A. Allen

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Wyethia mollis (Mule Ears)

  7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mule Ears

SPECIES: Wyethia mollis

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant 3--5(10) dm, +- tomentose, often becoming glabrous. 

Leaf: basal blade 20--40 cm, oblanceolate to widely obovate, +- densely tomentose, generally glandular, becoming glabrous. 

Inflorescence: heads 1--3; peduncle 1--10 cm, leafy-bracted; involucre +- 2 cm diam, +- bell-shaped; phyllaries generally few, +- equal, 15--35 mm, lance-oblong, acute to obtuse; paleae 15--16 mm. 

Ray Flower: 6--15; ray 15--45 mm. 

Disk Flower:corolla 10 mm. 

Fruit: 9--11 mm; distally puberulent to tomentose; pappus of scales <= 1 mm, occasionally also 1--few lanceolate scales <= 8 mm. 

Ecology: Open forest, meadows, dry rocky slopes, sagebrush scrub; 

Elevation: 900--3400 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaR, n&c SN, MP, n SNE; 

Distribution Outside California: southeastern Oregon, western Nevada. 

Flowering Time: May--Jul(Sep) 

eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil

Ribes cereum (Wax Currant, Squaw Currant)

7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

 7/3/16 North Lake Road

 7/3/16 North Lake Road

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Was Currant, Squaw Currant

SPECIES: Ribes cereum

FAMILY: Grossulariaceae (Gooseberry Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Shrub, generally < 4 m. 

Stem: generally erect; nodal spines 0--9; internodal bristles generally 0; twigs generally hairy, generally glandular. 

Leaf: simple, alternate, generally clustered on short, lateral branchlets, petioled, generally deciduous; blade generally palmately 3--5-lobed, generally thin, generally dentate or serrate, base generally cordate. 

Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, generally pendent, 1--25-flowered; pedicel generally not jointed to ovary, generally hairy or glandular; bract generally green. 

Flower: bisexual, radial; hypanthium tube exceeding ovary; sepals generally 5, generally spreading; petals generally 5, generally < sepals, generally flat; stamens generally 5, alternate petals, generally inserted at level of petals (hypanthium top), anthers generally free, generally +- not exceeding petals, generally glabrous, tips generally rounded; ovary inferior, chamber 1, ovules many, styles generally 2, generally fused except at tip, generally glabrous. 

Fruit: berry. 

Genera In Family: 1 genus, 120 species: northern hemisphere, temperate South America. Some cultivated as food, ornamental. 

Note: Hypanthium data refer to part above ovary; statements about ovary hairs actually refer to the hypanthium around the ovary. At one time included in Saxifragaceae. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Michael R. Mesler & John O. Sawyer, Jr.

Purshia tridentata (Antelope Bitterbrush)


 7/3/16 Bishop Creek Road, south of Bishop Creek Lodge, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

 7/3/16 Meadow restoration area, South Lake Road, Bishop region,
Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

7/3/16 Bishop Creek Road, south of Bishop Creek Lodge, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Antelope Bitterbrush

SPECIES: Purshia tridentata

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: Bishop Creek Road, south of Bishop Creek Lodge, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plant 2--25(40) dm. 

Leaf: lobes 3(5), central generally spiny at tip, lateral from generally above middle. 

Flower: hypanthium +- 2.5--5 mm; sepals 2--4 mm; petals 4--8 mm, +- obovate; pistils 1--2. 

Fruit: canescent; style 5--7(10) mm, not plumose. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Brian Vanden Heuvel & Thomas J. Rosatti

Penstemon newberryi (Mountain Pride Penstemon)

 7/3/16 La Hup Picnic Area, South Lake Road, Bishop region,
Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

 7/3/16 La Hup Picnic Area, South Lake Road

 7/3/16 La Hup Picnic Area, South Lake Road

 7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region,
Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mountain Pride Penstemon

SPECIES: Penstemon newberryi

FAMILY: Plantaginaceae (Plantian Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson e-Flora
NATIVE

Habit:
 Subshrub 12--30 cm, mat-forming; hairs generally short, backward-pointing (0). 

Leaf: generally basal, generally reduced distally, short-petioled; main blades, 10--40 mm, (ob)ovate, finely serrate. 

Inflorescence: glandular. 

Flower: calyx 7--12 mm, lobes +- lanceolate; corolla floor hairy on ridges; anther sacs 0.8--1.2 mm, spreading flat, woolly; staminode included, pale yellow-hairy distally. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren

Leptosiphon pachyphyllus (Sierra Linanthus)

 7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

 7/3/16 North Lake Road

 7/3/16 North Lake Road

7/3/16 North Lake Road

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Sierra Linanthus

SPECIES: Leptosiphon pachyphyllus

FAMILY: Polemoniaceae (Phlox Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from 1993 Jepson Manual:
Perennial, hairy

Stem 10–20 cm

Leaf: lobes generally 5, 10–16 mm, linear

Inflorescence: cluster, terminal, bracted; flowers generally sessile

Flower: calyx 9–10 mm, densely hairy, membrane generally obscure, 1/2 calyx length; corolla funnel-shaped, tube 12–15 mm, white or pale yellow, throat yellow, lobes 6–9 mm, white; stamens generally exserted; stigmas slightly exserted

Ecology: Open, wooded areas

Elevation: 1700–2500 m.  

Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada.Generally self-pollinated. Distinguished from  L. nuttallii by generally larger features, chromosome number

Fragaria virginiana (Mountain Strawberry)

7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, 
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

 7/4/16 Rock Creek, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Mono County, CA

7/4/16 Rock Creek

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Mountain Strawberry

SPECIES: Fragaria virginiana

FAMILY: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Often dioecious. 

Stem: 2--12 cm. 

Leaf: thin; petiole generally 1--25 cm; central leaflet stalk 1--3 mm, blade generally 15--60 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate, teeth generally 7--13, above middle, +- obtuse, central tooth << adjacent; leaflets generally glabrous adaxially, +- hairy abaxially. 

Inflorescence: < leaves. 

Flower: +- 10--20 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets unlobed; sepals 3--6 mm; petals 4--9 mm. Fruit: receptacle +- 10 mm; achene +- 1.5 mm. 

Ecology: Meadows, forest openings; 

Elevation: generally 1200--3300 m. 

Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, MP; 

Distribution Outside California: to eastern North America. 

Flowering Time: May--Aug 

eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter

Saturday, February 18, 2017

Antennaria rosea (Rosy Pussytoes, Rosy Everlasting)

 7/3/16 North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Rosy Pussytoes, Rosy Everlasting

SPECIES: Antennaria rosea

FAMILY: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Plants generally all pistillate. 

Stem: not glandular; stolons short. 

Leaf: basal 8--40 mm, spoon- to wedge-shaped, 1-veined, +- gray-tomentose. 

Inflorescence: heads 3--16; inflorescence cyme-like; involucre base hairy; phyllaries wide, acute, tips white, rose, +- yellow, or +- brown. 

Fruit: 0.7--1.8 mm, papillate or smooth. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Randall J. Bayer

Castilleja miniata (Great Red Paintbrush)

 7/3/16 Near North Lake Campground, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, 
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

7/3/16 Tyee Lakes trailhead, South Lake Road, Bishop region, 
Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

7/8/16 Along banks of Mill Creek off Lundy Canyon trail, Eastern Sierra,
Mono County, CA


LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Great Red Paintbrush

SPECIES: Castilleja miniata

FAMILY: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/3/2016

LOCATION: North Lake Road, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, 
Inyo County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb 40--80 cm, few-branched, green or becoming +- purple, glabrous, to long-soft-hairy distally. 

Leaf: 30--60 mm, +- lanceolate, entire; tip acute. 

Inflorescence: 3--15 cm; bracts 15--35 mm, lobes 0--5, acute, bright red to +- yellow. 

Flower: calyx divided 2/3+ abaxially, 1/2--2/3 adaxially, +- 1/4 on sides, lobes acute; corolla beak +- = tube, yellow-green, adaxially puberulent, margins red, lower lip 1--2 mm, dark green, slightly exserted; stigma slightly 2-lobed. 

Seed: 1.5--2 mm; coat shallowly netted, loose-fitting, inner walls membranous, persistent. 

eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard

Friday, February 17, 2017

Mimulus primuloides (Primrose Monkeyflower)


7/3/16 North Lake, Bishop region, Eastern Sierra,
Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA 

 7/2/16 Horseshoe Meadow, 10,000' elevation, Lone Pine Region, 
Eastern Sierra, Inyo National Forest, Inyo County, CA

LIFE LIST NOTES:

COMMON NAME: Primrose Monkeyflower

SPECIES: Mimulus primuloides

FAMILY: Phrymaceae (Lopseed Family)

LIFE LIST DATE: 7/2/2016

LOCATION: 10,000' elevation, Horseshoe Meadow, Lone Pine Region, Inyo National Forest, Eastern Sierra, Inyo County, CA 

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Treatment from Jepson eFlora:
NATIVE

Habit: Perennial herb; rhizomes or stolons forming mats of +- distinct rosettes or tufted plants; forming bulblets in fall. 

Stem: glabrous. 

Leaf: adaxially glabrous to densely long-hairy; palmately 3-veined. 

Flower: pedicel 10--120 mm, stiffly erect; calyx glabrous, lobes equal, 0.5--1.5 mm; corolla yellow, tube-throat 8--20 mm, base of lower lip lobes generally red-spotted; placentas axile. Fruit: 6--7 mm. 

eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson