Friday, February 12, 2016

Sanicula arguta (Sharp-toothed Sanicle, Snakeroot)

3/23/02 Trans Preserve Trail, Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, Riverside County, CA


COMMON NAME: Sharp-toothed Sanicle

SPECIES: Sanicula arguta

FAMILY: Apiaceae (Carrot Family)


LOCATION: Trans Preserve Trail (very dry winter this year-vernal pools dry), Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve, SW Riverside County, CA


Treatment from The Jepson Manual (1993):

Plant 10–50 cm, minutely scabrous; taproot turnip-shaped

Leaf simple, somewhat pinnately (but appearing almost palmately) dissected, green; blade 3–10 cm, triangular-ovate, main divisions generally ± 7, some divisions pinnate, margins sharply toothed

Inflorescence: peduncle 2.5–11 cm; bracts ± 10, 2–4 mm, < heads, lanceolate, entire or 3-lobed; pedicel of bisexual flower short, of staminate 2–4 mm

Flowers: bisexual 5–10; staminate ± 10; calyx lobes ovate, obtuse, fused below middle; corolla yellow; styles 2–3 X calyx lobes

Fruit 4–6 mm, obovate; prickles stout, curved, inflated, bulbous-based above, little developed below

Seed: face concave to flat

Ecology: Open grassy or rocky slopes

Elevation: 0–1200 m.  

Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California  

Distribution outside California: Baja California

Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24.

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